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Table 9 Multiple regression results for covariates of overall quality of life

From: Economic cost and quality of life of family caregivers of schizophrenic patients attending psychiatric hospitals in Ghana

Covariates Overall quality of life score
β 95% CI
Age in years −0.08 (−0.15, −0.1)
Sex***
 Female Ref  
 Male 3.72 (1.99, 5.45)
Marital status*
 Single Ref  
 Married −2.29 (−4.11, −0.47)
Proximity***
 Close Ref  
 Far −4.03 (−6.01, −2.05)
Education***
 None Ref  
 Primary/junior high school 4.46 (1.59, 7.32)
 Secondary 4.98 (2.06, 7.89)
 Tertiary 10.61 (7.27,13.96)
Employment status
 None Ref  
 Private 0.59 (−2.63, 3.81)
 Public −1.74 (−5.30, 1.83)
 Self-employed 1.59 (−0.87, 4.05)
 Student/apprentice −2.09 (−7.41, 3.22)
Direct cost −0.003 (−0.01,0.004)
Indirect cost −0.003 (−0.01, 0.001)
Zarit −0.17 (−0.28, −0.06)
Duration of care given 0.0002 (−0.01, 0.01)
Daily Care given time in hours 0.15 (−0.12, 0.41)
Other family
 No Ref  
 Yes 0.88 (−0.83, 2.58)
Anxiety
 Normal Ref  
 Moderate 0.56 (−1.54, 2.65)
 Severe 1.43 (−1.85, 4.72)
Depression***
 Normal Ref  
 Moderate −4.29 (−6.32, −2.26)
 Severe −13.62 (−17.87, −9.37)
Stress**
 Normal Ref  
 Moderate 2.03 (−0.57, 4.63)
 Severe −3.87 (−7.48, −0.25)
R 2 70.1  
  1. β is the estimated effect of covariate, R 2 is the adjusted coefficient off determination, CI is confidence interval, ref. is the reference category
  2. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001