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Table 5 Mean quality of life scores, by domain and background characteristics

From: Economic cost and quality of life of family caregivers of schizophrenic patients attending psychiatric hospitals in Ghana

  Physical Psychological Social Environmental Total
Mean (SD) p-value Mean (SD) p-value Mean (SD) p-value Mean (SD) p-value Mean (SD) p-value
Agea   0.303   0.257   <0.05   0.434   0.511
 < 30 20.1 (17.5)   31.6(24.1)   35.2(27.0)   33.6(23.3)   30.1(13.3)  
 30–39 20.4 (17.6)   32.2(25.7)   30.2(24.6)   31.1(24.3)   28.5(11.7)  
 40–49 19.7 (15.9)   26.2(22.2)   27.6(24.7)   37.2(25.9)   27.8(11.3)  
 50–59 18.8 (14.4)   25.9(21.1)   23.4(21.2)   38.1(25.1)   26.6(12.1)  
 60+ 19.3 (15.5)   30.6(24.9)   31.6(24.6)   33.6(24.3)   28.8(12.2)  
Sex b   <0.001   <0.01   <0.05   <0.05   <0.05
 Male 20.0 (16.1)   30.8(25.0)   31.0(26.3)   36.4(26.1)   29.6(12.6)  
 Female 19.3 (16.1)   27.9(22.7)   27.7(22.9)   33.6(23.8)   27.1(11.5)  
Marital statusb
 Married 20.0(15.7)   30.0(24.1)   29.1(23.6)   33.6(24.7)   28.1(11.7)  
 Single 19.0(16.4) 0.270 28.1(23.1) 0.330 29.4(26.1) 0.071 37.2(24.9) 0.436 28.4(12.5) 0.863
Religionc   <0.05   0.872   0.486   0.270   0.972
 Christian 19.1(15.4)   28.8(23.4)   29.6(24.6)   35.1(24.9)   28.2(11.9)  
 Muslim 23.9(20.3)   31.6(26.6)   25.8(23.4)   32.5(24.4)   28.513.0)  
Educationa   <0.01   <0.001   <0.001   <0.001   <0.001
 None 19.1(16.4)   22.3(17.5)   23.2(19.4)   27.7(21.3)   23.1(8.4)  
 Primary 19.5(17.9)   26.2(20.2)   23.5(22.1)   30.6(24.7)   24.9(11.5)  
 Secondary 20.0(16.2)   28.3(22.5)   30.3(24.7)   35.4(23.7)   28.5(12.0)  
 Tertiary 19.1(14.8)   36.1(29.1)   31.9(26.5)   38.9(28.3)   31.5(12.7)  
Employmenta   0.703   0.140   0.911   0.247   0.558
 Unemployed 21.4(19.0)   31.6(25.6)   32.0(25.2)   32.7(23.8)   29.4(13.8)  
 Self-employed 19.6(15.7)   27.3(22.2)   29.0(24.6)   35.2(25.3)   27.8(11.3)  
 Private sector 17.4(12.5)   32.2(26.4)   27.7(24.4)   38.0(26.1)   28.8(11.8)  
 Public sector 19.6(16.3)   28.3(23.1)   26.6(22.5)   31.5(21.7)   26.6(12.3)  
Total 19.6 (16.0)   29.1(23.7)   29.2(24.5)   34.8(24.8)   28.2(12.0)  
  1. aKruskal-Wallis test used in determining significance of difference
  2. bWilcoxon Rank Sum test used in determining the significance of difference
  3. cOther religions constituted 1% and was not considered in the analysis due to its insignificance