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Table 4 Economic costs to caregiving for schizophrenia

From: Economic cost and quality of life of family caregivers of schizophrenic patients attending psychiatric hospitals in Ghana

Cost component N Total costa (US$) Standard deviation Cost profileb (%) Average cost (US$)
 Direct costs
  Direct medical cost
   Consultation 444 1411.02 7.02 1.8 3.17
   Drugs 444 6668.49 22.59 8.7 15.01
   Lab/Diagnostics 442 428.20 5.38 0.5 0.97
   Other 442 144.64 4.20 0.2 0.33
   Sub total   8652.36   11.2 19.50
  Direct non- medical costs
   Transportation 444 3675.57 9.62 4.8 8.28
   Meals 442 843.15 5.56 1.1 1.90
   Lodging 442 153.20 5.05 0.2 0.35
   Miscellaneous 442 142.69 1.20 0.2 0.33
   Sub total   4814.62   6.3 10.85
   Total direct costs   13,466.97   17.5 30.36
 Indirect costs
  Formal sector 131 9118.97 40.26 11.9 69.61
  Informal sector 313 54,253.59 88.38 70.6 173.33
  Total indirect costs 444 63,372.56   82.5 242.95
  Grand Total Cost   76,839.54   100 273.28
  1. aUS$ 1.00 equivalent to GHS 3.9 (Bank of Ghana average monthly interbank exchange rate, June 2016)
  2. bPercentages computed by dividing the total cost for the item by the grand total cost and multiplying the result by 100