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Table 2 Inclusion and Exclusion Criteria

From: The impact of patient advisors on healthcare outcomes: a systematic review

Inclusion CriteriaExclusion Criteria
Published between November 2002–August 2015Published before November 2002 or after August 2015
English languageNon-English publication
Healthcare-focused; including but not limited to inpatient and outpatient, primary care, ambulatory sub-specialty, and emergency departmentStudy not located in a healthcare setting
Involves patient input on an advisory council, board, or committeeDid not involve patient input via a council, board or committee
Reports measure of patient engagement impact either for primary outcomes: clinical outcome measure or an NQMC safety or patient satisfaction measure for staff or patients; or secondary outcomes: other impacts on clinic processes, priorities, physical space or impacts on clinic staff or patient advisors themselvesDescription of a patient engagement intervention that does not address primary or secondary outcomes.
Patient engagement activities described address organization/system-level changesExclusively addresses engagement in individual care such as shared decision making or patient activation processes; or involved patient engagement within a research protocol without patient engagement pertaining to the intervention itself
Is a research study or case report that includes assessment of patient engagement impactIs a perspective, policy piece, or protocol.