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Table 3 The association of age, gender, and year of death with costs of LTC among users, Cox proportion hazard analyses

From: Trends in the use and costs of round-the-clock long-term care in the last two years of life among old people between 2002 and 2013 in Finland

  LTC in total Health center Residential home Sheltered housing
N 196,461 69,958 96,722 71,404
  iHR (95% CIs) iHR (95% CIs) iHR (95% CIs) iHR (95% CIs)
Age 1.01 *** (1.01, 1.01) 1.01 *** (1.01, 1.01) 1.02 *** (1.02, 1.02) 1.02 *** (1.02, 1.02)
Man (ref. woman) 1.26 *** (1.25, 1.27) 1.17 *** (1.15, 1.19) 1.29 *** (1.27, 1.31) 1.25 *** (1.23, 1.27)
Year of death (ref. 2002)
 2003 0.97 ** (0.95, 0.99) 0.97 (0.94, 1.01) 0.99 (0.96, 1.02) 0.99 (0.94, 1.04)
 2004 0.97 ** (0.95, 0.99) 0.98 (0.94, 1.01) 1.00 (0.97, 1.03) 1.04 (0.99, 1.09)
 2005 0.95 *** (0.93, 0.98) 0.96 * (0.92, 0.99) 1.00 (0.97, 1.03) 1.04 (0.99, 1.09)
 2006 0.96 *** (0.94, 0.98) 0.95 ** (0.92, 0.99) 1.02 (0.99, 1.05) 1.05 (1.00, 1.10)
 2007 0.93 *** (0.91, 0.95) 0.94 *** (0.91, 0.98) 0.99 (0.96, 1.02) 1.04 (0.99, 1.09)
 2008 0.93 *** (0.91, 0.95) 0.94 *** (0.91, 0.97) 1.01 (0.98, 1.05) 1.06 ** (1.02, 1.11)
 2009 0.91 *** (0.89, 0.93) 0.93 *** (0.90, 0.96) 1.05 ** (1.02, 1.08) 1.06 * (1.01, 1.11)
 2010 0.87 *** (0.85, 0.89) 0.87 *** (0.84, 0.90) 1.02 (0.99, 1.05) 1.07 *** (1.03, 1.12)
 2011 0.82 *** (0.81, 0.84) 0.83 *** (0.80, 0.86) 1.02 (0.99, 1.05) 1.12 *** (1.07, 1.17)
 2012 0.79 *** (0.77, 0.81) 0.77 *** (0.75, 0.80) 1.04 ** (1.01, 1.08) 1.20 *** (1.15, 1.26)
 2013 0.73 *** (0.71, 0.74) 0.71 *** (0.68, 0.74) 0.99 (0.96, 1.02) 1.28 *** (1.23, 1.33)
  1. *p < .05, **p < .01, ***p < .001
  2. LTC long-term care, iHR inverse of hazard ratio, CI confidence interval