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Table 2 Chi-square statistics showing variables associated with use of facility-based childbirth

From: Who benefits from free institutional delivery? evidence from a cross sectional survey of North Central and Southwestern Nigeria

Variables Ekiti Ondo Nasarawa
Proportion of births in SBF 306 (76.5) 344 (85.6) 239 (58.2)
Age Groups
 20 and below 7 (46.4) 13 (100) 17 (41.5)
 21-25 46 (74.2) 56 (88.9) 59 (52.2)
 26-30 94 (75.2) 106 (87.6) 77 (63.1)
 31-35 78 (82.1) 86 (83.5) 55 (70.5)
 36-40 57 (76.0) 60 (85.7) 24 (54.5)
 40 and above 23 (85.2) 22 (71.0) 6 (54.5)
p-value 0.06 0.12 0.03
Place of residence
 City 87 (65.4) 145 (83.3) 66 (85.7)
 Town 96 (76.2) 69 (86.3) 100 (80.0)
 Rural 123 (87.2) 129 (87.8) 73 (34.9)
p-value <0.001 0.52 <0.001
Level of Education
 No formal education 3 (100.0) 5 (100.0) 24 (28.2)
 Primary Education 36 (75.0) 51 (77.3) 34 (36.3)
 Secondary Education 151 (71.6) 181 (84.4) 97 (68.3)
 Higher Education 116 (84.1) 103 (92.0) 82 (92.1)
p-value 0.04 0.04 <0.001
Socioeconomic status
 Low socioeconomic status 11 (64.7) 25 (73.5) 41 (27.3)
 Middle income 153 (70.8) 203 (84.9) 111 (71.6)
 High Socioeconomic status 141 (84.9) 113 (89.7) 75 (91.5)
p-value 0.003 0.056 <0.001
Availability of health facilities in community
 Yes 306 (76.5) 344 (85.6) 198 (80.5)
 No 0(0.0) 0(0.0) 41 (24.8)
p-value N/A N/A <0.001
  1. Key: N/A means not available, SBF means skilled birth facilities
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