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Table 4 Intention to use the PSG, actual use of the PSG, and client-centred competences, before and after training

From: Ready for goal setting? Process evaluation of a patient-specific goal-setting method in physiotherapy

  Before After Δ
  N = 51 N = 47  
Client-centred competences
1–4 Likert scale: 1 = not really, 2 = to a limited extent, 3 = regularly, 4 = very often
Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD) P value (CI)a
Subscale: enabling client participation (sum score of 7 items, range 7–28) 22.68 (3.09) 23.68 (2.63) 0.66 (1.96) .026** (.08–1.23)
Intention to use of the PSG
1–7 Likert scale: totally disagree – totally agree
N = 51 N = 48  
Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD) P value (CI)a
Attitude(sum score of 14 items, range: 14–98) 72.85 (9.87) 73.42 (11.69) 0.56 (12.30) .75 (−3.01–4.13)
Perceived behavioural control(sum score of 9 items, range 9–63) 40.02 (7.19) 41.95 (6.82) 1.94 (7.17) .07 (−.14–4.02)
  Median (IQR) Median (IQR) Median (IQR) P valueb
Subjective norms(sum score of 5 items, range 5–35) 26.00 (24.00–29.00) 28.00 (25.00–30.00) 1.00 (−1.00–3.00) .13
Behaviour intention(sum score of 3 items, range 3–21) 15.00 (13.00–18.00) 15.50 (12.00–18.00) 0.50 (−3.00–3.00) .88
Actual use of the PSG
0–10 scale: 0 = not at all, 10 = complete
N = 51 N = 48  
Median (IQR) Median (IQR) Median (IQR) P valueb
To what extent do you inform the patient about the reason for using the PSG? 6.00 (5.00–7.00) 8.00 (7.00–8.00) 1.00 (0.00–2.00) .00*
To what extent do you use the PSG to set treatment goals? 8.00 (6.00–9.00) 8.00 (7.00–9.00) 0.00 (0.00–1.00) .07
To what extent do you involve patients in planning treatment? 7.00 (6.00–8.00) 8.00 (7.00–9.00) 1.00 (0.00–2.00) .00*
To what extent do you use the PSG to evaluate treatment? 7.00 (6.00–9.00) 8.00 (7.00–8.00) 0.00 (−1.00–1.00) .25
  1. Δ: Difference: after-before; CI: 95% Confidence Interval; IQR: Inter Quartile Range: 25–75%; a: paired-samples t-test; b: non-parametric Related Samples Wilcoxon Signed-Rank test; * P < 0.01; **P < 0.05