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Table 4 Psychosocial job stressors and self-rated health, female doctors, random and fixed effect regression models, adjusted for all variables, MABEL, 2001 to 2008

From: The relationship between working conditions and self-rated health among medical doctors: evidence from seven waves of the Medicine In Australia Balancing Employment and Life (Mabel) survey

  Random effects model Fixed effect model
  Obs = 9083, ppl = 3691. Obs = 542, ppl = 150.
  OR 95% CI p value OR 95% CI p value
Job demands 1    1   
(1-low to 4-high) 1.36 1.10, 1.67 0.004 1.04 0.76, 1.42 0.819
Social support 1    1   
(1-low to 4-high) 1.26 1.07, 1.49 0.005 1.02 0.81, 1.28 0.885
Job insecurity 1    1   
(1-low to 4-high) 1.15 0.95, 1.40 0.162 1.08 0.81, 1.44 0.597
Job control 1    1   
(1-low to 4-high) 1.16 .97, 1.40 0.109 1.09 0.83, 1.41 0.54
Rewards at work 1    1   
(1-low to 4-high) 1.31 1.08, 1.60 0.007 1.32 0.98, 1.78 0.065
Work-life imbalance 1    1   
(1-low to 4-high) 2.25 1.67, 3.01 < 0.001 1.50 1.03, 2.17 0.032
Family restrictions 1    1   
(1-low to 4-high) 1.01 0.81, 1.26 0.95 0.89 0.64, 1.24 0.504
Workplace aggression
 No 1    1   
 Yes 1 0.63, 1.59 0.989 0.98 0.57, 1.68 0.93
Working hours
 35–40 1    1   
 Under 35 1.57 0.96, 2.58 0.074 2.02 1.01, 4.02 0.046
 Over 40 1.4 0.84, 2.34 0.199 1.26 0.61, 2.62 0.529
Age 1.31 1.01, 1.72 0.046 1.06 0.58, 1.95 0.851
On call working hours
 No 1    1   
 Yes 0.71 0.47, 1.09 0.177 0.68 0.35, 1.34 0.272
Medical specialisation
 GP 1      
 Specialist 0.9 0.54, 1.51 0.703    
 Hospital non-specialist 0.85 0.36, 2.00 0.705    
 Specialist-in-training 1.26 0.59, 2.73 0.55    
Partner/spouse
 No 1    1   
 Yes 0.39 0.22, 0.71 0.002 1.48 0.39, 5.74 0.570
Presence of children
 No 1    1   
 Yes 0.78 0.36, 1.66 0.512 1.48 0.08, 27.9 0.793
  1. Notes: controls for cohort, year, and year medical degree was completed. Average waves included was 2.5 in the random effects model and 3.6 in the fixed effect model. OR = Odds Ratio; 95% CI = Confidence Intervals with 95% significance; p value = statistical significance set at 95%