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Table 7 The description of each item in Beijing hospitals

From: The safety attitudes questionnaire in Chinese: psychometric properties and benchmarking data of the safety culture in Beijing hospitals

Item Mean (SD) Positive response rate (%)
Items belong to six dimensions
 Teamwork climate
  1. Nurse input is well received in this clinical area. 68.99(27.12) 65.70
  2. In this clinical area, it is difficult to speak up if I perceive a problem with patient care. (R) 67.68(29.78) 63.89
  3. Disagreements in this clinical area are resolved appropriately (i.e., not who is right, but what is best for the patient). 75.21(25.43) 74.50
  4. I have the support I need from other personnel to care for patients. 74.49(26.79) 75.77
  5. It is easy for personnel here to ask questions when there is something that they do not understand. 81.20(23.45) 83.29a
  6. The physicians and nurses here work together as a well-coordinated team. 81.15(24.07) 82.91a
 Safety climate
  7. I would feel safe being treated here as a patient. 80.24(22.87) 82.30a
  8. Medical errors are handled appropriately in this clinical area. 81.32(21.86) 84.42a
  9. I know the proper channels to direct questions regarding patient safety in this clinical area. 73.60(25.76) 70.51
  10. I receive appropriate feedback about my performance. 66.48(28.23) 62.89
  11. In this clinical area, it is difficult to discuss errors. (R) 68.69(28.15) 66.21
  12. I am encouraged by my colleagues to report any patient safety concerns I may have. 69.45(25.35) 64.42
  13. The culture in this clinical area makes it easy to learn from the errors of others. 76.66(22.95) 77.74
Job satisfaction
  15. I like my job. 68.13(26.97) 61.02
  16. Working here is like being part of a large family. 77.41(24.57) 78.82
  17. This is a good place to work. 72.80(27.74) 71.06
  18. I am proud to work in this clinical area. 71.97(26.79) 66.51
  19. Morale in this clinical area is high. 71.88(27.11) 67.49
Stress recognition
  20. When my workload becomes excessive, my performance is impaired. (R) 44.49(33.45) 32.97b
  21. I am less effective at work when fatigued. (R) 41.97(32.74) 30.24b
  22. I am more likely to make errors in tense or hostile situations. (R) 45.64(33.54) 35.93b
  23. Fatigue impairs my performance during emergency situations (e.g. emergency resuscitation, seizure). (R) 46.00(33.86) 35.66b
 Recognition of management
  24. Management supports my daily efforts. 69.16(23.79) 57.27b
  25. Management doesn’t knowingly compromise patient safety. 76.43(24.6) 72.40
  26. Management is doing a good job. 69.34(23.52) 57.09b
  27. Problem personnel are dealt with constructively by our management. 66.63(23.83) 54.55b
  28. I get adequate, timely information about events that might affect my work from Management. 65.96(23.94) 51.36b
Working condition
  29. The levels of staffing in this clinical area are sufficient to handle the number of patients. 56.94(32.27) 48.40b
  30. This hospital does a good job of training new personnel. 72.41(24.77) 70.52
  31. All the necessary information for diagnostic and therapeutic decisions is routinely available to me. 70.62(23.15) 69.13
  32. Trainees in my discipline are adequately supervised. 74.40(21.55) 76.07
 Items not belong to six dimensions
  14. My suggestions about safety would be acted upon if I expressed them to management. 61.81(28.48) 53.13b
  33. I experience good collaboration with nurses in this clinical area. 82.33(19.74) 87.05a
  34. I experience good collaboration with staff physicians in this clinical area. 80.46(20.6) 84.54a
  35. I experience good collaboration with pharmacists in this clinical area. 75.82(22.75) 74.08
  36. Communication breakdowns that lead to delays in delivery of care are common.(R) 65.22(31.67) 60.22
  1. Note: SD Standard deviation
  2. R indicates reverse-scored item
  3. asignifies the positive response rate is higher than 80%
  4. bsignifies the positive response rate is lower than 60%