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Table 1 Social and economic value of the current community pharmacies services

From: Social and economic value of Portuguese community pharmacies in health care

Current services
  With service Without service Difference
Population Covered (n) 4,180,190 4,180,190 0
Estimated number of pharmaceutical services (n) 120,675,438 0 120,675,438
Time spent in services (hours) 11,087,135 0 11,087,135
Social Value
 Quality of Life
 Quality of Life (growth rate, %) 0.813 0.751 0.062 (+8.3%)
 Quality adjusted life years 3,399,191 3,138,946 260,245
Health Resource Utilisation (n) 20,818,175 26,853,745 −6,035,571
Physician visits (n) 17,881,598 23,872,706 −5,991,108
Emergency-room visits (n) 2,871,217 2,893,271 −22,054
Hospitalisations (n) 65,359 87,768 −22,409
Economic Value
 Total cost (€) 1, 192.2 M€ 2, 071.9 M€ −879.6 M€
Community pharmacy (€)
 Community pharmacist’ service (monetary compensated and non-monetary compensated) −352.1 M€ 0.0 € −352.1 M€
 Patients 10.0 M€ 0.0 € 10.0 M€
Cost of Health Resource Utilisation (€)
 Physician visits 1, 198.4 M€ 1, 599.9 M€ −401.5 M€
 Emergency-room visits 206.3 M€ 207.9 M€ −1.6 M€
 Hospitalisations 134.4 M€ 179.4 M€ −45.0 M€
 Other costs (€)    
 Medicines waste management 14.9 M€ 85.0 M€ −70.1 M€
 Syringe exchange program −6.3 M€ −0.3 M€ −6.0 M€
 Others −13.4 M€ 0 −13.4 M€
  1. M€, Million euros