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Table 3 Annual resource utilisation

From: Real-world costs of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease in the Nordics

Mean resource utilisation, past 12 months ± SD CKD 1–3 (n = 64) CKD 4–5 (n = 55) Dialysis (n = 61) Transplant (n = 63) P value
Number of hospitalisations 0.2 ± 0.6 0.5 ± 1.1 1.8 ± 2.3 0.6 ± 1.0 <0.0001
Number of hospital days 0.9 ± 3.1 2.3 ± 6.9 9.2 ± 13.6 4.4 ± 10.2 <0.0001
Number of hospital days (at least one hospitalisation) 6.9 ± 6.5 8.7 ± 11.6 15.7 ± 14.7 12.4 ± 14.1 0.1878
Number of outpatient visitsa 5.2 ± 10.5 8.2 ± 17.1 15.2 ± 24.1 11.6 ± 13.7 <0.0001
Number of primary care visitsb 2.2 ± 5.5 3.8 ± 16.8 1.9 ± 8.0 1.2 ± 3.8 0.6401
Number of surgical procedures 0.1 ± 0.4 0.3 ± 0.7 1.6 ± 3.1 0.6 ± 1.3 <0.0001
Hours of help: Healthcare professionalb 27.0 ± 149.8 1.8 ± 9.6 17.1 ± 61.2 6.4 ± 40.4 0.1155
Hours of help: Home care assistantb 0.0 ± 0.0 0.2 ± 1.8 27.6 ± 132.6 0.8 ± 3.8 <0.0001
Hours of help: Family member or friendb 3.1 ± 18.2 27.0 ± 84.6 104.8 ± 325.1 11.0 ± 31.0 <0.0001
  1. P values calculated with Kruskal–Wallis test
  2. aExcluding visits for maintenance dialysis
  3. bBased on the past 4 weeks, self-reported