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Table 2 Linear regression associations with “Reach”

From: Factors associated with the effectiveness and reach of NHS stop smoking services for pregnant women in England

  N (%)/ mean   95% CI  
Variable [SD]a βb Lower Upper p-value
Mean IMD score for SSSP c 23.27 [8.09] 0.38 0.17 0.59 0.004
Did employees mandatory midwifery training include smoking cessation?
 No 48 (41.4) ref - - -
 Yes 68 (58.6) 2.59 −1.10 6.28 0.247
Did identification of smokers use both CO monitoring and the opt-out referral pathway?
 No 92 (79.3) ref - - -
 Yes 24 (20.7) −0.51 −5.18 4.16 0.855
Was the Commissioning for Quality and Innovation (CQUIN) framework in place for referrals to the SSSP?
 No 85 (78.0) ref - - -
 Yes 24 (22.0) −2.14 −6.88 2.60 0.453
Did the SSSP used social networking site to engage women?
 No 86 (81.1) ref - - -
 Yes 20 (18.9) 2.94 −1.88 7.76 0.313
Did the SSSP initially contacted pregnant women by phone?
 No 14 (12.1) ref - - -
 Yes 102 (87.9) −1.82 −7.80 4.17 0.615
Was the majority of one-to-one support offered by the SSSP in the clinic?
 No 57 (53.8) ref - - -
 Yes 49 (46.2) 8.97 5.55 12.38 <0.001
Did the SSSP centre offer couple or family support?
 No 60 (56.1) ref - - -
 Yes 47 (43.9) −0.22 −4.27 3.84 0.929
Were financial incentives offered by the SSSP?
 No 70 (64.8) ref - - -
 Yes 38 (35.2) 4.38 0.46 8.30 0.067
Did the SSSP centre currently have a specialist advisor?
 No 27 (22.7) ref - - -
 Yes 92 (77.3) 10.77 6.86 14.68 <0.001
Did self-referral patients account for one of the top three referral methods to the SSSP?
 No 48 (41.7) ref - - -
 Yes 67 (58.3) 2.55 −1.21 6.31 0.263
Women who did not identify as white or mixed ethnicity women in the area covered by SSSP c (%) 13.6 [14.9] −0.27 −0.38 −0.15 <0.001
People aged ≥ 16 years with no qualifications c (%) 22.8 [4.9] 1.11 0.79 1.44 <0.001
People with dependent children c (%) 64.1 [1.9] −1.69 −2.60 −0.77 0.003
People in managerial or professional occupations c (%) 36.1 [8.4] −0.61 −0.80 −0.41 <0.001
People aged < 18 years c (%) 18.4 [3.1] 0.65 0.07 1.23 0.064
  1. aCounts and means prior to multiple imputation (N = 121)
  2. bRegression coefficients based on 139 SSSPs, using results from imputed datasets
  3. cRegression results for mean centred variables