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Table 3 Results of multivariate regression analysis to explore the characteristics associated with the use of the health care services

From: Evaluation of the use of health care services for non-communicable disease and prevention by children and adolescents in south Italy

Variable OR SE 95% CI p value
Model 1. General practitioners or family pediatricians utilization in the last year
Log likelihood = −477.2 χ2=145.66 (12df), p < 0.0001
At least one parent who is a health care professional 0.35 0.09 0.21–0.6 <0.001
At least one preventive care visit in the last year 2.35 0.43 1.64–3.38 <0.001
Age of children 0.91 0.02 0.87–0.96 0.001
Days lost from school due to illness 1.67 0.28 1.19–2.33 0.003
Health problems in the last year 1.7 0.33 1.17–2.48 0.005
Perception of health problem by the parent 4.39 2.74 1.29–14.92 0.018
At least one medical specialist’s visits in the last year 1.47 0.28 1.01–2.14 0.041
Educational level 1.37 0.25 0.95–1.97 0.09
At least one hospital admission in the last year 2.35 1.24 0.83–6.64 0.106
Gender of children 0.98 0.01 0.95–1.01 0.187
Chronic conditions 1.39 0.32 0.88–2.19 0.158
Emergency department visits in the last year 1.31 0.35 0.77–2.21 0.312
Model 2. Specialist utilization in the last year
Log likelihood = −528.5 χ2=68 (10df), p < 0.0001
At least one visit to general practitioners or family pediatricians in the last year 2.36 0.38 1.72–3.24 <0.001
Gender of children 1.86 0.28 1.38–2.51 <0.001
Emergency department visits in the last year 2.06 0.53 1.24–3.43 0.005
Age of children 1.05 0.02 0.99–1.1 0.054
Age of parent 1.02 0.01 0.99–1.05 0.134
Health problems in the last year 1.28 0.21 0.93–1.78 0.138
Number of children
 1 1a    
 > 2 0.84 0.14 0.61–1.17 0.301
At least one hospital admission in the last year 0.69 0.26 0.33–1.46 0.343
Educational level 1.16 0.19 0.84–1.61 0.356
Gender of parent 1.18 0.22 0.82–1.69 0.382
Model 3. Preventive care visits in the last year
Log likelihood = −564.68 χ2=85.75 (11df), p < 0.0001
At least one visit to general practitioners or family pediatricians in the last year 2.85 0.45 2.09–3.88 <0.001
Gender of children 1.72 0.25 1.29–2.31 <0.001
Educational level 1.5 0.27 1.06–2.13 0.023
Age of children 0.95 0.02 0.91–0.99 0.029
Age of parent 1.03 0.01 1.01–1.06 0.033
Number of cohabiting 1.13 0.08 0.98–1.3 0.086
Chronic conditions 1.3 0.26 0.88–1.92 0.181
Socio-economic status
 low 1a    
 medium 1.2 0.2 0.87–1.66 0.260
Gender of parent 1.22 0.22 0.86–1.74 0.266
Number of children
 1 1a    
 2 1.15 0.17 0.85–1.55 0.354
Health problems in the last year 0.87 0.14 0.64–1.19 0.394
Model 4. Emergency department visits in the last year
Log likelihood = −564.68 χ2=85.75 (11df), p < 0.0001
At least one hospital admission in the last year 8.79 3.27 4.24–18.22 <0.001
Educational level 0.4 0.11 0.23–0.69 0.001
At least one medical specialist’s visits in the last year 2.45 0.69 1.41–2.26 0.001
Chronic conditions 2.09 0.53 1.27–3.46 0.004
Health problems in the last year 1.71 0.39 1.09–2.66 0.018
Age of parent 0.97 0.01 0.94–1.01 0.096
Socio-economic status
 low 1a    
 medium 0.71 0.17 0.45–1.13 0.151
Gender of children 0.73 0.16 0.47–1.12 0.156
Perception of health problem by the parent 0.47 0.26 0.16–1.39 0.175
Number of children
 1 1a    
 2 0.77 0.18 0.49–1.21 0.258
Number of cohabiting 1.11 0.1 0.91–1.35 0.288
At least one preventive care visit in the last year 0.78 0.19 0.49–1.25 0.31
  1. aReference category