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Table 2 Overview of main and subcategories

From: (In-)formal caregivers’ and general practitioners’ views on hospitalizations of people with dementia - an exploratory qualitative interview study

1) Context and nature of hospitalizations in our study • Planned treatments/operations
• Unplanned treatment • Aggravation of the general condition
• Exsiccosis
• Ealls in the nursing homes/at home
• Other conditions
2) Preventability of hospitalizations • Most hospitalizations not preventable/unjustifiable from interviewees point of view
• GPs strive to prevent hospitalizations wherever possible
• Informal caregivers do not see themselves in a position to decide about the necessity of a hospitalization
3) Factors contributing to hospitalizations
 • Dementia-specific factors • Agitation/restlessness
• Tendency to stray/tendency to run away
• Neglect of restricted mobility
• Declining ability to communicate about symptoms (and accidents)
• Shift of responsibility from person with dementia to informal or formal caregivers
 • Context-specific factors • Nursing-home-specific factors • Safeguard against legal consequences
• Qualification of nursing home staff/resident-nurse-ratio
• Non-availability of the GP
• Hospitalizations for examinations/treatments also available in ambulatory settings
• Communication (problems/lack of communication)
 • Interrelation between dementia- and context-specific factors
4) Ideas for reducing hospitalizations • Qualification of formal caregivers in nursing homes
• Twenty-four-hour-GP-emergency service
• Adequate compensation of regular home visits and supporting visits from ambulatory care services