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Table 6 Linear regression model

From: Improving patient safety culture in Saudi Arabia (2012–2015): trending, improvement and benchmarking

  Perception of patient safety   Frequency of events reported  
Beta (Standard error) P-value Beta (Standard error) P-value
Patient Safety Culture Composites
 Supervisor/ Manager Expectations & Actions Promoting Patient Safety 0.131 (0.027) <0.001 −0.009 (0.057) 0.880
 Organizational learning and Continuous Improvement 0.100 (0.034) 0.003 0.133 (0.071) 0.060
 Teamwork within units 0.055 (0.029) 0.059 −0.107 (0.061) 0.080
 Communication Openness −0.026 (0.020) 0.181 −0.004 (0.041) 0.922
 Feedback and Communications About Error 0.008 (0.022) 0.728 0.431 (0.046) <0.001
 Non-punitive Response to Error 0.052 (0.019) 0.007 −0.061 (0.04) 0.125
 Staffing 0.079 (0.026) 0.002 −0.017 (0.054) 0.748
 Hospital Management Support for Patient Safety 0.114 (0.030) <0.001 0.119 (0.063) 0.056
 Hospital Handoffs & Transitions 0.120 (0.023) <0.001 −0.031 (0.047) 0.515
 Teamwork Across Hospital Units 0.003 (0.032) 0.926 −0.014 (0.066) 0.834
Gender
 Male 0.142 (0.054) 0.008 0.048 (0.11) 0.667
 Female 0   0  
Age
 Less than 30 years of age 0   0  
 Between 30 and 45 −0.055 (0.035) 0.122 −0.172 (0.074) 0.021
 Between 46 and 55 −0.137 (0.068) 0.042 0.022 (0.143) 0.880
 Aged above 55 −0.203 (0.094) 0.031 0.16 (0.195) 0.412
Experience at the hospital
 1 to 2 years 0   0  
 3 to 5 years 0.038 (0.036) 0.287 0.136 (0.075) 0.071
 6 to 10 years 0.010 (0.045) 0.825 0.202 (0.094) 0.031
 11 to 15 years 0.061 (0.056) 0.278 0.173 (0.117) 0.140
 16 to 20 years 0.046 (0.089) 0.607 0.03 (0.185) 0.871
 More or equal to 21 years 0.086 (0.091) 0.345 0.048 (0.19) 0.801
Highest Degree
 Under High School Level 0   0  
 High school level 0.483 (0.237) 0.042 −0.288 (0.493) 0.559
 Diploma level 0.528 (0.237) 0.026 −0.326 (0.492) 0.508
 Bachelors Degree 0.583 (0.247) 0.019 0.076 (0.513) 0.882
 Masters Degree 0.569 (0.258) 0.027 −0.231 (0.533) 0.665
 Doctorate Degree 0.271 (0.283) 0.339 −0.105 (0.597) 0.861
Position at the hospital
 Administrator/Manager/Director 0.229 (0.123) 0.064 −0.656 (0.269) 0.015
 Physician −0.167 (0.099) 0.093 −0.597 (0.203) 0.003
 Specialist −0.292 (0.128) 0.023 −0.858 (0.265) 0.001
 Coordinator 0.152 (0.216) 0.482 0.356 (0.449) 0.429
 Assistant/Aide 0.001 (0.101) 0.995 0.037 (0.21) 0.860
 Pharmacist 0.083 (0.152) 0.585 −0.37 (0.332) 0.266
 Registered Nurse −0.161 (0.109) 0.143 −0.499 (0.218) 0.023
 Resident/PG/Intern 0.084 (0.181) 0.641 −0.279 (0.404) 0.490
 Assistant/Clerk/Secretary/Facilitator 0.006 (0.121) 0.961 −0.478 (0.24) 0.046
 Technician −0.052 (0.100) 0.607 −0.096 (0.213) 0.652
 Other 0   0  
Interaction with patients
 No 0   0  
 Yes 0.068 (0.062) 0.273 0.108 (0.13) 0.406
Hospital Size
 Small 0   0  
 Large −0.098 (0.034) 0.004 −0.087 (0.071) 0.223