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Table 4 Mean values of test variables within the sample

From: Work stress associated cool down reactions among nurses and hospital physicians and their relation to burnout symptoms

  CDI   MBI PSS WB
frequency intensity sum score PED EWS   sum EE DP PA
All health care professionals n 1335 1314 1310 1310 1310   1347 1347 1347 1347 1345 1347
Mean 21.24 26.81 48.07 31.66 16.41   54.71 23.69 8.23 24.16 18.16 60.67
SD 9.25 10.42 18.48 13.07 7.36   18.73 10.78 5.71 8.52 5.75 21.27
Gender
 Women z-Mean a 0.00 0.04 0.02 0.02 0.02   −0.07 −0.03 −0.13 −0.12 0.07 −0.08
z-SD 1.00 1.01 1.01 1.02 1.00   1.00 1.02 0.98 0.96 1.00 1.01
 Men z-Mean a 0.00 −0.09 −0.05 −0.04 −0.05   0.17 0.06 0.31 0.28 −0.14 0.19
z-SD 0.99 0.96 0.99 0.96 1.01   0.97 0.94 0.97 1.04 0.97 0.94
 F value   0.0 4.8 1.5 1.3 1.3   16.8 2.5 58.5 47.3 12.2 21.0
P value   n.s. .028 n.s. n.s. n.s   <.0001 n.s. <.0001 <.0001 .001 <.0001
Partner status
 Living without partner z-Mean a 0.14 0.13 0.13 0.12 0.12   0.02 0.05 0.06 −0.11 0.11 −0.02
z-SD 1.04 1.01 1.02 1.02 1.04   1.02 1.02 1.04 0.94 1.06 0.98
 Living with partner z-Mean a −0.05 −0.04 −0.04 −0.04 −0.04   −0.01 −0.03 −0.02 0.04 −0.03 0.00
z-SD 0.98 0.99 0.99 0.99 0.98   0.99 0.99 0.98 1.02 0.97 1.01
 F value   8.5 7.5 7.6 6.6 6.7   0.3 1.7 1.9 5.5 5.3 0.1
P value   .004 .006 .006 .010 .010   n.s. n.s. n.s. .020 .022 n.s.
Profession
 Nurses z-Mean a −0.03 0.04 0.00 0.00 0.01   −0.29 −0.21 −0.28 −0.34 0.02 −0.10
z-SD 1.01 1.02 1.01 1.02 1.01   0.92 0.97 0.92 0.87 1.01 1.03
 Physicians z-Mean a 0.06 −0.07 −0.01 0.00 −0.03   0.57 0.41 0.56 0.69 −0.04 0.17
z-SD 0.98 0.96 0.98 0.96 0.99   0.90 0.93 0.90 0.89 0.98 0.92
 F value   2.3 3.4 0.1 0.0 0.5   263.1 122.6 254.7 416.4 1.1 22.2
P value   n.s. n.s. n.s. n.s. n.s.   <.0001 <.0001 <.0001 <.0001 n.s. <.0001
  1. Abbreviations: CDI Cool down Index, CDI-PED Perception of Emotional Distance, CDI-EWS Emotional Withdrawal as a Strategy, MBI Burnout, EE Emotional Exhaustion, DP Depersonalization, PA Personal Accomplishment, PSS Stress perception, WB Work burden
  2. astandardized z-values; significant differences (p<0.01) were highlighted (italics)