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Table 4 Difference in 2008 % privatization and health care expenditures by party elected in 2004 (controlling for incumbency, baseline privatization, HDI, and upper middle-class income)a,b

From: Do elections matter for private-sector healthcare management in Brazil? An analysis of municipal health policy

  Dental X-rays Ultrasounds Hospital Beds Outsourcing Health Expenditures
Party Elected In 2004
 DEM −0.78 1.81. 2.45. −0.35 −0.41 −0.94
  (0.54) (1.07) (1.26) (0.96) (0.36) (1.18)
 PDT −0.17 −0.59 −0.72 0.87 1.38** 2.04
  (0.69) (1.43) (1.82) (1.34) (0.53) (1.72)
 PMDB −1.31** −0.13 0.06 1.21 0.02 0.57
  (0.44) (0.90) (1.17) (0.83) (0.32) (1.04)
 PP −0.86 −2.07. −2.40 −3.14** −0.38. 1.89
  (0.56) (1.16) (1.48) (1.09) (0.41) (1.34)
 PPS −0.24 −0.39 −1.03 −1.62 1.06 −1.48
  (0.75) (1.49) (1.84) (1.37) (.56) (1.84)
 PR 0.12 1.99 0.75 1.61 −0.64 −1.36
  (0.71) (1.42) (1.69) (1.28) (0.49) (1.60)
 PSB 1.06 0.50 1.90 2.08 −0.21· −0.54
  (1.19) (2.31) (2.52) (1.73) (0.70) (2.31)
 PSDB 0.50 −1.12 −1.22 0.53 −0.27 −1.42
  (0.48) (1.00) (1.18) (0.91) (0.35) (1.13)
 PT 1.00. 2.01 −0.13 0.16 0.39 −1.71
  (0.61) (1.23) (1.49) (1.15) (0.46) (1.52)
 PTB 0.68 −1.93 0.48 −1.34 −0.93* 2.94.
  (0.66) (1.36) (1.65) (1.28) (0.47) (1.54)
F statistic 201.65* 151.47 93.81 176.11. 187.60. 125.74
Num. obs. 3420 2840 1988 2998 4480 4534
  1. a*** p < 0.001, ** p < 0.01, * p < 0.05, · p < 0.1. Entries are deviations from the mean (standard errors) times 100
  2. bDue to limitations in data availability, 2005 baseline values were used for x-rays, ultrasounds, and hospital beds, 2006 values for dental equipment, and 2004 values for outsourcing and health expenditures