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Table 1 Average %Private Sector Involvement in Health Care and Health Care Spending by Year a,b,c

From: Do elections matter for private-sector healthcare management in Brazil? An analysis of municipal health policy

Year Equipment Outsourcing (% health expenditures) Health Spending per capita (2012 $R)
Dental (% Private) X-Rays (% Private) Ultrasounds (% Private) Hosp. Beds (% Private)
2008 12.3 34.8 35.8 21.9 14.5 312.4
  (19.4) (68.4) (72.7) (36.6) (12.9) (155.4)
2012 17.5 35.4 34.7 18.4 16.4 540.0
  (33.3) (69.7) (71.4) (21.6) (15.2) (260.3)
Change 5.2 0.6 −1.1 −3.5 1.9 +227.6
  1. aData are presented as means (interquartile range)
  2. b% Private denotes percent privately managed and maintained
  3. cData Source: National Registry of Health Establishments and Information System on Public Health Budgets, Ministério da Saúde, Brasil