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Table 2 Factors associated with unsuccessful TB treatment outcomes for TB-HIV co-infected cases

From: Unsuccessful TB treatment outcomes with a focus on HIV co-infected cases: a cross-sectional retrospective record review in a high-burdened province of South Africa

  Univariate Odds Ratio (95% CI) Adjusted Odds Ratio (95% CI)
Sex
 Male (ref) 1 1
 Female 0.89 (0.84-0.95) 0.93 (0.88-0.99)
Age
 15-24 years (ref) 1 1
 25-34 years 0.95 (0.85-1.07) 0.86 (0.77-0.97)
 35-44 years 0.99 (0.89-1.12) 0.89 (0.79-1.00)
 45-54 years 1.08 (0.95-1.22) 0.99 (0.87-1.12)
 55-64 years 1.28 (1.08-1.50) 1.22 (1.04-1.45)
 65+ years 1.81 (1.33-2.47) 1.71 (1.25-2.35)
District
 A 1 1
 B 0.95 (0.86-1.04) 0.94 (0.85-1.03)
 C 0.90 (0.82-0.99) 0.82 (0.75-0.91)
 D 1.17 (1.07-1.23) 1.15 (1.05-1.28)
 E 0.78 (0.68-0.90) 0.88 (0.77-1.02)
Year
 2009 (ref) 1  
 2010 1.00 (0.90-1.10)  
 2011 0.98 (0.89-1.07)  
 2012 0.97 (0.88-1.06)  
On ART/CPT
 ART only 1 1
 CPT only 1.22 (1.00-1.49) 1.28 (1.05-1.57)
 Neither ART nor CPT 0.87 (0.68-1.10) 0.97 (0.76-1.24)
 Both ART and CPT 0.80 (0.66-0.97) 0.75 (0.61-0.91)
CD4 results
 1-200 1 1
 201-350 0.56 (0.52-0.61) 0.55 (0.51-0.60)
 351+ 0.46 (0.42-0.52) 0.40 (0.36-0.44)