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Table 2 Demographic characteristics of respondents by MMT sites

From: Expanding co-payment for methadone maintenance services in Vietnam: the importance of addressing health and socioeconomic inequalities

  Nam Dinh Xuan Truong Tu Liem Long Bien Ha Dong Total p-value
  N % N % N % N % N % N %  
Age
 18- <30 35 13.0 27 17.9 40 19.9 18 9.8 40 19.1 160 15.8 0.05
 30- <35 80 29.6 36 23.8 51 25.4 46 25.0 53 25.2 266 26.2
 35- <40 81 30.0 33 21.9 58 28.9 51 27.7 43 20.5 266 26.2
 40- <45 38 14.1 27 17.9 27 13.4 33 17.9 42 20.0 167 16.4
  > =45 36 13.3 28 18.5 25 12.4 36 19.6 32 15.2 157 15.5
Sex
 Male 266 98.5 151 100.0 199 99.0 181 98.4 206 98.1 1003 98.7 0.56
 Female 4 1.5 0 0.0 2 1.0 3 1.6 4 1.9 13 1.3
Marital status
 Single 101 37.4 29 19.2 44 21.9 30 16.3 47 22.4 251 24.7 <0.01
 Live with spouse 148 54.8 116 76.8 135 67.2 139 75.5 147 70.0 685 67.4
 Live with partner 0 0.0 0 0.0 1 0.5 1 0.5 1 0.5 3 0.3
 Divorced 19 7.0 6 4.0 20 10.0 12 6.5 15 7.1 72 7.1
 Widow 2 0.7 0 0.0 1 0.5 2 1.1 0 0.0 5 0.5
Educational attainment
 Illiterate 4 1.5 1 0.7 5 2.5 3 1.6 4 1.9 17 1.7 <0.01
 Elementary 21 7.8 29 19.2 23 11.4 19 10.3 27 12.9 119 11.7
 Secondary 103 38.2 87 57.6 82 40.8 68 37.0 86 41.0 426 41.9
 High 121 44.8 28 18.5 74 36.8 83 45.1 81 38.6 387 38.1
 Vocational 12 4.4 5 3.3 6 3.0 2 1.1 7 3.3 32 3.2
 University 9 3.3 1 0.7 11 5.5 9 4.9 5 2.4 35 3.4
Employment
 Unemployed 76 28.2 25 16.6 64 31.8 41 22.3 53 25.2 259 25.5 <0.01
 Self-employed 159 58.9 67 44.4 94 46.8 110 59.8 112 53.3 542 53.4
 White collars 5 1.9 1 0.7 6 3.0 5 2.7 5 2.4 22 2.2
 Workers, Farmers 10 3.7 54 35.8 11 5.5 7 3.8 18 8.6 100 9.8
 Students 0 0.0 0 0.0 2 1.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 2 0.2
 Other jobs 20 7.4 4 2.7 24 11.9 21 11.4 22 10.5 91 9.0
Religion
 Cult of ancestors 247 91.5 96 63.6 184 91.5 171 92.9 198 94.3 896 88.2 <0.01
 Buddhism 13 4.8 16 10.6 11 5.5 9 4.9 10 4.8 59 5.8
 Catholic 10 3.7 39 25.8 4 2.0 1 0.5 2 1.0 56 5.5
 Protestant 0 0.0 0 0.0 2 1.0 3 1.6 0 0.0 5 0.5