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Table 5 Patient safety factor scores by characteristics among employees in five nursing homes, Norway, 2016

From: Patient safety culture in Norwegian nursing homes

   Teamwork climate    Safety climate    Job satisfaction    Working conditions    Stress recognition  
  n mean (SD) p n mean (SD) p n mean (SD) p n mean (SD) p n mean (SD) p
Total 254 72.5 (19.4)   221 70.8 (18.0)   257 81.3 (17.9)   217 69.9 (17.9)   239 73.9 (19.8)  
Professiona    0.39    0.37    0.16    0.80    0.63
 Reg. nurse 73 75.0 (17.8)   70 70.6 (17.9)   70 80.4 (18.4)   67 72.7 (14.7)   69 78.0 (18.0)  
 Nursing assist. 116 75.5 (18.4)   103 73.1 (17.0)   113 83.0 (15.0)   100 69.5 (18.5)   115 73.7 (21.2)  
 Health worker 35 66.4 (16.9)   26 69.1 (18.2)   38 80.3 (17.2)   28 65.2 (21.7)   34 68.8 (16.2)  
Age    0.03    0.02    0.00    0.00    0.07
  ≤ 30 years 43 65.4 (21.6)   34 64.8 (18.0)   44 74.6 (20.3)   36 60.6 (16.9)   38 70.5 (18.6)  
 31–40 years 41 73.8 (15.8)   36 69.5 (15.3)   41 78.8 (19.0)   34 68.1 (16.4)   38 69.7 (23.2)  
 41–50 years 56 73.1 (18.2)   52 69.1 (19.0)   58 81.4 (17.1)   51 70.5 (17.3)   55 75.8 (20.4)  
 51–60 years 70 75.9 (17.7)   61 74.1 (17.6)   70 85.6 (13.4)   61 73.9 (18.9)   67 75.7 (19.0)  
  ≥ 61 years 28 78.1 (18.8)   23 78.4 (14.6)   26 89.6 (13.1)   20 76.5 (13.4)   25 77.6 (15.7)  
Position job    0.00    0.01    0.02    0.00    0.08
 21–40% 26 68.3 (17.4)   19 65.6 (22.4)   26 79.8 (19.6)   19 63.4 (22.9)   24 67.3 (22.2)  
 41–60% 38 67.6 (16.2)   32 65.6 (15.7)   41 77.1 (14.1)   34 61.9 (17.4)   37 72.6 (18.9)  
 61–80% 73 73.6 (19.4)   64 72.1 (17.7)   74 81.8 (17.4)   64 72.0 (17.9)   69 75.5 (19.7)  
  ≥ 81% 92 76.5 (19.7)   85 73.9 (17.3)   93 83.6 (18.6)   81 74.0 (14.9)   86 76.7 (19.2)  
Work experience in nursing homeb    0.11    0.12    0.18    0.81    0.06
  ≤ 2 years 51 71.3 (17.8)   41 67.4 (18.0)   53 78.7 (19.0)   40 68.9 (15.9)   46 77.1 (18.4)  
 3–5 years 55 66.7 (21.0)   51 66.3 (19.5)   55 76.9 (21.4)   49 62.8 (18.2)   52 75.0 (20.1)  
 6–10 years 51 76.1 (17.8)   39 75.4 (16.8)   51 82.4 (13.7)   41 73.1 (16.4)   47 71.2 (21.1)  
 11–20 years 52 76.8 (17.0)   44 74.0 (13.8)   51 85.6 (15.5)   44 74.1 (14.8)   47 68.7 (21.0)  
 21–30 years 25 74.8 (20.6)   25 74.4 (20.8)   27 84.8 (15.9)   24 71.3 (21.7)   26 77.3 (16.6)  
  ≥ 31 years 5 78.8 (24.5)   5 73.6 (12.8)   4 91.3 (4.8)   5 72.0 (28.0)   5 81.0 (8.9)  
Norwegian native speaker    0.11    0.08    0.01    0.26    0.00
 Yes 200 72.5 (19.3)   177 70.6 (17.8)   201 80.6 (17.9)   173 70.1 (17.2)   186 76.6 (17.3)  
 No 42 76.6 (17.7)   35 74.4 (18.3)   44 86.1 (15.6)   36 70.4 (21.1)   41 62.7 (26.6)  
  1. P-values obtained from multiple linear regression model adjusted for the other four explanatory variables in the model. P-values <0.05 indicating statistical significance in bold
  2. aProfession: not including other professions, such as staff working in the kitchen, laundry, secretary and other services (total n = 20)
  3. bNumber of years of work at the nursing home