Skip to main content

Table 2 Knowledge of ABR and antibiotic use among health professionals

From: Knowledge of antibiotic resistance and antibiotic prescription practices among prescribers in the Brong Ahafo Region of Ghana; a cross-sectional study

Variables

Doctor

(n = 51)

Physician assistant

(n = 69)

Nurse

(n = 188)

CHO

(n = 71)

Total (N = 379)

P value

Possibility of antibiotics to stop working in future

 Agree

49 (96.1)

64 (92.8)

148 (78.7)

49 (69.0)

310 (81.8)

<0.01

 Disagree

2 (3.9)

5 (7.2)

39 (20.8)

18 (25.4)

64 (16.9)

 

 Don’t know

0 (00)

0 (00)

1 (0.5)

4 (5.6)

5 (1.3)

 

Antibiotics are effective in bacterial infection management

 Agree

51 (100)

67 (97.1)

180 (95.7)

69 (97.2)

367 (96.9)

0.70

 Disagree

0 (00)

2 (2.9)

7 (3.8)

1 (1.4)

10(2.6)

 

 Don’t know

0 (00)

0 (00)

1 (0.5)

1 (1.4)

2 (0.5)

 

Antibiotics are effective in viral infection management

 Agree

0 (00)

4 (5.8)

63 (33.5)

22 (40.0)

89 (23.5)

<0.01

 Disagree

51 (100)

64 (92.8)

123 (65.4)

47 (66.2)

285 (75.2)

 

 Don’t Know

0 (00)

1 (1.4)

2 (1.1)

2 (2.8)

5 (1.3)

 

Antibiotics are effective in protozoal infection management

 Agree

15 (29.4)

20 (29.0)

96 (51.1)

21 (29.6)

152 (40.1)

<0.01

 Disagree

35 (68.6)

48 (69.6)

68 (36.2)

35 (49.3)

186 (49.1)

 

 Don’t know

1 (2.0)

1 (1.4)

24 (12.8)

15 (21.1)

41 (10.8)

 

Antibiotics are effective in fungal infection management

 Agree

11 (21.6)

20 (29.0)

114 (60.6)

48 (67.6)

193 (51.0)

<0.01

 Disagree

40 (78.4)

49 (71.0)

67 (35.7)

20 (28.2)

176 (46.4)

 

 Don’t Know

0 (00)

0 (00)

7 (3.7)

3 (4.2)

10 (2.6)

 

Antibiotics are effective in managing common cold

 Agree

5 (9.8)

10 (14.5)

92 (48.9)

40 (56.3)

147 (38.8)

< 0.01

 Disagree

46 (90.2)

57 (82.6)

91 (48.4)

31 (43.7)

225 (59.4)

 

 Don’t Know

0 (00)

2 (2.9)

5 (2.7)

0 (00)

7 (1.8)

 

Antibiotics help patients to recover faster when added to malaria treatment

 Agree

2 (3.9)

3 (4.3)

42 (22.3)

27 (38.0)

74 (19.5)

< 0.01

 Disagree

49 (96.1)

66 (95.7)

136 (72.3)

37 (52.1)

288 (76.0)

 

 Don’t know

0 (00)

0 (00)

10 (5.3)

7 (9.9)

17 (4.5)

 

Antibiotics should be prescribed before lab tests are done

 Agree

12 (23.5)

5 (7.2)

19 (10.1)

12 (16.9)

48 (12.7)

0.03

 Disagree

38 (74.5)

64 (92.8)

166 (88.3)

56 (78.9)

324 (85.5)

 

 Don’t know

1 (2.0)

0 (00)

3 (00)

3 (4.2)

7 (1.8)

 

Very expensive antibiotics can be discontinued when patient is better

 Agree

8 (15.7)

10 (14.5)

38 (20.2)

20 (28.2)

76 (20.1)

0.15

 Disagree

43 (84.3)

59 (85.5)

143 (76.1)

49 (69.0)

294 (69.0)

 

 Don’t Know

0 (00)

0 (00)

7 (3.7)

2 (2.8)

9 (2.4)

 

Antibiotics use might lead to dangerous allergies which could cause death

 Agree

45 (88.8)

55 (79.7)

121 (64.4)

41 (57.7)

262 (69.1)

< 0.01

 Disagree

6 (11.8)

12 (17.4)

50 (26.6)

23 (32.4)

91 (24.0)

 

 Don’t Know

0 (00)

2 (2.9)

17 (9.0)

7 (9.9)

26 (6.9)

 

Antibiotics will always be effective in the treatment of same infections in the future

 Agree

1 (2.0)

12 (17.4)

57 (30.3)

23 (32.4)

93 (24.5)

<0.01

 Disagree

49 (96.0)

55 (79.7)

125 (66.5)

39 (54.9)

268 (70.7)

 

 Don’t Know

1 (2.0)

2 (2.9)

6 (3.2)

9 (12.7)

18 (4.8)

 

ABR is due to the normal correct use of Antibiotics

 Agree

2 (3.9)

2 (2.9)

30 (16.0)

20 (28.2)

54 (14.2)

<0.01

 Disagree

48 (94.1)

67 (97.1)

151 (80.3)

45 (63.3)

311 (82.1)

 

 Don’t Know

1 (2.0)

0 (00)

7 (3.7)

6 (8.5)

14 (3.7)

 

ABR is due to the use of Antibiotics when not prescribed

 Agree

44 (86.3)

63 (91.3)

153 (81.4)

53 (74.6)

313 (82.6)

0.03

 Disagree

7 (3.7)

5 (7.2)

30 (16.0)

11 (15.6)

53 (14.0)

 

 Don’t Know

0 (00)

1 (1.4)

5 (2.7)

7 (9.9)

13 (3.4)