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Table 3 Mean score and standard deviation (STD) of NVS-I and STOFHLA-I according to selected patient characteristics

From: Cross-cultural validation of health literacy measurement tools in Italian oncology patients

Patient characteristics NVS-I STOFHLA-I
Mean (std) Mean (std)
Sex
 Male 3.9 (1.8) 33.8 (9.0)
 Female 3.9 (1.9) 35.3 (7.3)
 ANOVAa p=0.95 p=0.10
Age (years)
 <45 4.2 (1.7) 37.2 (4.2)
 45-49 4.0 (1.8) 36.1 (6.8)
 50-54 4.0 (1.8) 35.1 (7.4)
 55-59 4.2 (1.7) 35.8 (6.4)
 ≥60 3.3 (2.1) 30.5 (11.1)
 ANOVAa p=0.02 p<0.01
Education
 None/Primary school 2.6 (1.9) 26.1 (13.6)
 Secondary school 3.0 (1.9) 30.9 (10.0)
 High school 4.1 (1.7) 36.5 (5.2)
 University or higher 5.1 (1.3) 38.8 (1.7)
 ANOVAa p<0.01 p<0.01
Marital status
 Single/Widowed/Divorced 3.9 (1.8) 34.4 (8.2)
 Married/Cohabitant 3.8 (2.0) 35.8 (7.3)
 ANOVAa p=0.79 p=0.16
Geographic area
 Northern Italy 3.7 (1.7) 35.4 (7.3)
 Central Italy 4.2 (1.9) 35.4 (7.7)
 Southern Italy 3.2 (1.9) 30.3 (10.1)
 ANOVAa p<0.01 p<0.01
  1. aIncluding items for sex, age, education, marital status and geographic area