Skip to main content

Table 4 Scores of clusters of birth centres on integration determinants and dimensions of integration

From: Typology of birth centres in the Netherlands using the Rainbow model of integrated care: results of the Dutch Birth Centre Study

n (%)    Total birth centres Profile A Mono-disciplinary-orientated birth centres (MOBC) Profile B Mixed-cluster of birth centres (MIBC) Profile C Multi-disciplinary-orientated birth centres (MUBC) Subgroup differences F Test
23 (100) 10 (43.5) 7 (30.4) 6 (26.1) * p < 0.05
** p < 0.01
*** p < 0.001
Dimension Determinant Range M SD Min Max M SD Min Max M SD Min Max M SD Min Max  
Clinical integration (CI) Case management 1–4 3.08 0.32 2.40 4.00 3.04 0.27 2.40 3.33 3.11 0.40 2.75 4.00 3.13 0.33 2.80 3.75 F(2.20) = 0.17
Continuity 1–4 2.30 0.49 2.00 3.50 2.00 0.00 2.00 2.00 2.52 0.39 2.00 3.00 2.56 0.74 2.00 3.50 F(2.20) = 4.49*
Individual multidisciplinary care plan 1–4 2.86 0.82 2.00 4.00 2.22 0.25 2.00 2.67 3.79 0.22 3.50 4.00 2.83 0.86 2.00 4.00 F(2.20) = 21.91***
Client participation 1–4 1.77 0.44 1.00 2.67 1.58 0.35 1.00 2.00 1.99 0.50 1.00 2.67 1.83 0.42 1.33 2.50 F(2.20) = 2.10
  Total CI 1–4 2.49 0.40 2.00 3.25 2.21 0.15 2.00 2.42 2.85 0.23 2.50 3.25 2.55 0.50 2.00 3.25 F(2.20) = 9.64**
Professional integration (PI) Inter-professional education 1–4 2.05 0.88 1.00 3.75 1.78 0.79 1.00 3.67 1.80 0.55 1.00 2.67 2.81 0.98 1.00 3.75 F(2.20) = 3.77*
Shared vision between professionals 1–4 2.59 1.03 1.00 4.00 1.87 0.72 1.00 3.33 2.73 0.98 1.67 4.00 3.65 0.32 3.25 4.00 F(2.20) = 11.06**
Multidisciplinary guidelines and protocols 1–4 2.76 0.73 1.50 4.00 2.41 0.63 1.50 3.33 2.68 0.55 1.50 3.00 3.46 0.64 2.33 4.00 F(2.20) = 5.70*
Inter-professional governance 1–4 2.46 0.75 1.00 4.00 1.99 0.49 1.00 2.67 2.45 0.34 2.00 3.00 3.25 0.82 2.00 4.00 F(2.20) = 9.50**
  Total PI 1–4 2.45 0.65 1.38 3.69 2.01 0.42 1.38 2.75 2.41 0.28 2.00 2.75 3.23 0.58 2.17 3.69 F(2.20) = 15.01***
Organizational integration (OI) Interest management 1–4 2.85 0.42 2.00 3.67 2.65 0.48 2.00 3.67 2.81 0.24 2.50 3.00 3.24 0.16 3.00 3.50 F(2.20) = 5.16*
Performance management 1–4 2.65 1.01 1.00 4.00 1.97 0.81 1.00 3.33 2.65 0.78 1.67 3.67 3.79 0.33 3.33 4.00 F(2.20) = 12.26***
Learning organisations 1–4 2.86 0.71 1.80 4.00 2.53 0.57 1.80 3.33 2.69 0.51 2.00 3.33 3.60 0.65 2.33 4.00 F(2.20) = 6.89**
Complaints procedure 1–4 1.65 0.61 1.00 3.25 1.41 0.44 1.00 2.25 1.42 0.47 1.00 2.25 2.31 0.57 1.67 3.25 F(2.20) = 7.50**
  Total OI 1–4 2.48 0.53 1.50 3.50 2.14 0.40 1.50 2.67 2.39 0.24 1.94 2.58 3.15 0.34 2.71 3.50 F(2.20) = 16.46***
System integration (SI) Available resources 1–4 2.72 0.61 1.17 4.00 2.32 0.47 1.17 2.83 2.70 0.35 2.25 3.33 3.40 0.45 2.75 4.00 F(2.20) = 11.84***
Stakeholder management 1–4 2.20 0.81 1.00 4.00 1.66 0.47 1.00 2.25 2.10 0.58 1.33 3.00 3.22 0.49 2.67 4.00 F(2.20) = 17.89***
Good governance 1–4 2.71 0.55 2.00 4.00 2.38 0.25 2.00 2.67 2.67 0.40 2.00 3.00 3.31 0.60 2.50 4.00 F(2.20) = 9.67**
Environmental climate 1–4 2.03 0.77 1.00 3.25 2.18 0.73 1.00 3.20 1.80 0.76 1.00 3.00 2.06 0.91 1.00 3.25 F(2.20) = 0.48
  Total SI 1–4 2.07 0.61 1.38 3.35 1.55 0.16 1.38 1.88 2.21 0.27 1.88 2.67 2.78 0.57 2.00 3.35 F(2.20) = 25.19***
Functional integration (FI) Information management 1–4 1.74 0.51 1.00 3.00 1.43 0.23 1.00 1.67 1.86 0.48 1.33 2.67 2.11 0.62 1.50 3.00 F(2.20) = 5.07*
Resource management 1–4 2.31 1.07 1.00 4.00 1.65 0.60 1.00 2.50 2.68 1.03 1.00 4.00 3.00 1.22 1.00 4.00 F(2.20) = 4.84*
Service management 1–4 2.39 0.75 1.00 3.75 1.77 0.44 1.00 2.50 2.57 0.53 2.00 3.00 3.22 0.37 2.75 3.75 F(2.20) = 20.06***
Regular feedback of performance indicators 1–4 1.77 0.86 1.00 4.00 1.35 0.58 1.00 2.50 1.74 0.56 1.00 2.50 2.53 1.10 1.00 4.00 F(2.20) = 4.72*
  Total FI 1–4 2.46 0.43 1.80 3.43 2.17 0.24 1.80 2.65 2.39 0.19 2.05 2.60 3.03 0.30 2.65 3.43 F(2.20) = 23.49***
Normative integration (NI) Reliable behaviour 1–4 3.52 0.40 3.00 4.00 3.55 0.42 3.00 4.00 3.43 0.46 3.00 4.00 3.60 0.33 3.25 4.00 F(2.20) = 0.30
Visionary leadership 1–4 3.27 0.55 2.00 4.00 3.01 0.59 2.00 3.67 3.35 0.53 2.50 4.00 3.63 0.21 3.50 4.00 F(2.20) = 2.95
Quality features of the informal collaboration 1–4 2.80 0.56 1.67 3.50 2.65 0.71 1.67 3.50 2.82 0.47 2.00 3.33 3.01 0.33 2.50 3.33 F(2.20) = 0.79
Trust 1–4 3.48 0.39 2.67 4.00 3.26 0.34 2.67 3.67 3.56 0.37 3.00 4.00 3.75 0.32 3.25 4.00 F(2.20) = 4.06*
  Total NI 1–4 3.27 0.31 2.67 3.75 3.12 0.31 2.67 3.63 3.29 0.27 2.88 3.58 3.50 0.25 3.19 3.75 F(2.20) = 3.37
Total Integration Total 1–4 2.54 0.39 2.04 3.42 2.20 0.13 2.04 2.45 2.59 0.13 2.43 2.77 3.04 0.30 2.66 3.42 F(2.20) = 38.0 ***