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Table 1 Health care settings, exclusion criteria, patient characteristics, selected medicines classes

From: The development and appraisal of a tool designed to find patients harmed by falsely labelled, falsified (counterfeit) medicines

Health care setting Exclusion criteria: All sub-studies: female patients as regards erectile dysfunction medicines(G04BE) Number: enrolled (evaluated) Sex (m/f) Age (Median, Interquartile range Q1-Q3): all patients; (m/f) Medicines classes (WHO ATC)
Ambulatory Yerevan (Armenia) Patients of all age groups with mild to moderate infections 50 24/26 33 (20.5–45.5)
(34 (1949)/
/31 (19.5–42.5)
Antibiotics (J01)
Ambulatory Zagreb & Pula (Croatia) Patients <14, > 65 y; 71 (70)a 34/36 47 (3559)
(48 (37.7–58.5)/
43.5 (30.5–56.5)
Anti-obesity Preparations, Excl. Diet Products (A08), Anabolic Agents for Systemic Use (A14), Diuretics (C03), Sex Hormones and Modulators of the Genital System (G03), Urologicals (G04), Psycho-analeptics (N06)
Ambulatory Rome (Italy) Patients <14, > 65 y 60 (60) 60 m m: 32 (25.4–38.6) Anabolic Agents for Systemic Use, Diuretics, Sex Hormones and Modulators of the Genital System, Urologicals
Pilot-study
Ambulatory
Sports out-patient clinic Belgrade (Serbia)
Patients <14, > 65 y; 105 (105) 79/26 33 (2739)
(33 (26.5–39.5)/
33 (2838))
Anti-obesity Preparations, anabolic agents for systemic use, Diuretics, Sex Hormones and Modulators of the Genital System
In-patient
Aalst (Belgium)
Patients <14, > 65 y; 42 42 23/19 42 (27.4–56.7)
(45 (27.3–53.8)
42 (3054)
Anti-obesity Preparations, Anabolic Agents for Systemic Use, Diuretics, Sex Hormones and Modulators of the Genital System, Urologicals, Psycho-analeptics
In-patient Reykjavík (Iceland) Patients <14, > 65 y; 149 (149) 51/98 47 (32.5– 61.5)
(46 (31.5–60.5)/
48 (34–62)
Anti-obesity Preparations
  1. Legend: WHO ATC: Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical Classification of Medicinal Products. Source: World Health Organization (WHO). (http://www.whocc.no/atc_ddd_index)
  2. aOne (1) patient was excluded due to incomplete documentation