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Table 2 Health facility, Pharmacy, and PMV family planning providers’ prevalence of restriction of clients’ access to contraceptive methods by restriction and method, Nigeria 2010

From: Contraceptive service provider imposed restrictions to contraceptive access in urban Nigeria

  Health facility providers Pharmacists PMV Operators
Minimum age n % n % n %
 Male condom 692 73.1 410 76.3 474 70.7
 Pill 906 86.9** 318 81.8 313 79.9
 EC 395 70.1*** 292 82.9 183 75.4
 Injectable 1071 88.5* 289 84.1 na na
 IUD 560 93.2 na na na na
Minimum parity
 Male condom 692 3.0* 410 2.9 474 5.7
 Pill 906 38.3*** 318 28.9 313 43.5
 EC 395 12.7* 292 12.3 183 20.2
 Injectable 1071 64.7*** 289 21.8 na na
 IUD 560 53.4 na na na na
Marital status
 Male condom 692 10.4 410 9.5 474 7.2
 Pill 906 51.3*** 318 41.5 313 57.5
 EC 395 16.7** 292 26.4 183 23.5
 Injectable 1071 73.5*** 289 45.3 na na
 IUD 560 67.3 na na na na
Overall bias score
 Male condom 692 0.9 410 0.9 474 0.8
 Pill 906 1.8*** 318 1.5 313 1.8
 EC 395 1.0*** 292 1.2 183 1.2
 Injectable 1071 2.3*** 289 1.5 na na
 IUD 560 2.1 na na na na
 Totala   3.7   3.6   3.8
  1. na Not applicable
  2. *p ≤ 0.05; **p ≤0.01; ***p ≤ 0.001; Chi Square, Anova, and t-tests of the association between bias and provider type
  3. anot including injectable or IUD