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Table 2 Baseline characteristics of participants

From: Generic care pathway for elderly patients in need of home care services after discharge from hospital: a cluster randomised controlled trial

Characteristics PaTH group
(N = 163)
Control group
(N = 141)
Female sex, n (%) 101 (62.0%) 83 (58.9%)
Age, mean (SD), range 83.1 (5.7) 71–96 82.4 (5.7) 70–96
Living alone, n (%) 107 (65.6%) 97 (68.8%)
Chronic conditionsa, mean, SD) 3.5 (2.0) 3.8 (1.8)
Primary diagnoses at index hospital stay, n (%)   
  Cardiac / vascular 53 (32.5%) 38 (27.0%)
Infections 31 (19.0%) 24 (17.0%)
Fractures / contusions 28 (17.2%) 21 (14.9%)
Cancers 13 (8.0%) 16 (11.3%)
Pulmonary disease 5 (3.1%) 4 (2.8%)
Neurological disease 1 (0.6%) 8 (5.7%)
Other diseases 32 (19.6%) 30 (21.3%)
Functional level (IPLOS score)b, mean (SD) 2.06 (0.47) 1.89 (0.46)
  1. aChronic diseases include established diseases like e.g. stroke, but not risk factors such as hypertension or hypercholesterolemia
  2. bIPLOS data [22] consisting of 17 variables on activities of daily living, both instrumental (e.g. prepare food) and non-instrumental (e.g. personal hygiene). Lower scores imply greater independence