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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics of study participants

From: Use of medical services and medicines attributable to type 2 diabetes care in Yaoundé, Cameroon: a cross-sectional study

Characteristics People with T2D People without diabetes p-value
Mean age, mean ± SD 56.20 10.7 55.11 ± 10.6 <0.001*
Age classes, n (%)    <0.001**
  ≤ 40 36 (7.2) 52 (10.4)  
 41–50 119 (23.8) 117 (23.4)
 51–60 174 (34.8) 183 (36.6)
 61–70 121 (24.2) 118 (23.6)
  > 70 50 (10) 30 (6)
Gender, n (%)    1***
 Male 241 (48) 241 (48)  
 Female 259 (51.8) 259 (51.8)
Diabetes duration, years median (1st–3rd) 5 (3–10) --- ---
Diabetes duration, years  
 0–5 268 (53.6)
 6–10 98 (19.6)
  ≥ 11 134 (26.8)
Educational level, n (%)    <0.01**
 Primary 238 (47.6) 246 (49.2)  
 secondary 190 (38) 208 (41.6)
 University 72 (14.4) 46 (9.2)
Marital status, n (%)    <0.001***
 Not living in couple 175 (35) 158 (31.7)  
 Living in couple 325 (65) 341 (68.3)
Occupation, n (%)    <0.001***
 Working 227 (45.4) 279 (55.8)  
 Not working 273 (54.6) 221 (44.2)
 Not working because of ill, n (%) 36 (7.2) 3 (0.6) <0.001***
Family size, mean (SD) 6.81 (3.6) 5.59 (2.9) <0.001*
Family income, USD/person/year median (1st-3rd) a 2400 (1440–4800) 2400 (1380–3600) >0.05*
Tobacco smoking, n (%)    <0.001**
 Never smoked 400 (80) 342 (68.4)  
 Ex-smoker 85 (17) 49 (9.8)
 Current smoker 15 (3) 109 (21.8)
  1. *p-values from paired t-test; **p-values from Stuart-Maxwell test and ***p-values from McNemar test
  2. aFamily income was available only for 204 persons with diabetes and 173 persons without diabetes. Mean annual family income per person is the monthly respondent’s self-reported family income times 12 months.1 USD = 500 XAF. USD United States Dollar