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Table 3 The Regression Model of Healthcare Utilization

From: Do healthier lifestyles lead to less utilization of healthcare resources?

Variable Number of outpatient visits a Number of health exams b Seen by the same physicians
B (95%CI) B (95%CI) OR (95%CI)
Exercise Habits    
 No * −0.39 (−0.67, −0.11) ** −0.24 (−0.33, −0.14) **0.70 (0.58,0.83)
Breakfast    
 No 0.06 (−0.74,0.87) 0.01 (−0.26,0.27) 1.06 (0.64,1.74)
Regular meals    
 No −0.06 (−0.76,0.64) −0.03 (−0.26,0.20) 0.72 (0.47,1.09)
5 servings of fruits& vegetables    
 No 0.46 (−0.01,0.92) −0.06 (−0.21,0.10) 1.08 (0.80,1.44)
Dieting Habits    
 No *0.53 (0.02,1.53) −0.03 (−0.19,0.14) 0.92 (0.67,1.25)
Aware of food packaging labels    
 No −0.34 (−0.89,0.21) −0.05 (−0.23,0.14) 0.87 (0.62,1.23)
Aware of self-health    
 No −0.12 (−0.91,0.68) −0.08 (−0.34,0.19) 1.41 (0.85,2.32)
Regular BP checks    
 No ** −0.69 (−0.98, −0.38) ** −0.31 (−0.41, −0.21) 0.95 (0.79,1.14)
Smoking    
 Yes 0.24 (−0.14,0.61) −0.09 (−0.21,0.03) 1.05 (0.82,1.32)
Drinking    
 Yes −0.01 (−0.32,0.29) 0.09 (−0.01,0.19) **0.71 (0.58,0.85)
Betel-Nut chewing    
 Yes −0.30 (−0.77,0.18) 0.002 (−0.15,0.16) 1.27 (0.94,1.70)
  1. Data of gender, marital status, age, education levels, and diseases were adjusted
  2. *p < 0.05; **p < 0.001
  3. a R 2 = 0.196
  4. b R 2 = 0.136