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Table 1 The Association Between Demographic Characteristics And Healthcare Utilization

From: Do healthier lifestyles lead to less utilization of healthcare resources?

Variable Number of outpatient visits Number of health exams Seen by the same physicians
Yes No  
Mean (SD) p Mean (SD) p N (%) N (%) p
Gender        
 Male 0.92 (0.91) <0.001 0.92 (1.33) 0.035 937 (46.3) 452 (50.8) 0.028
 Female 1.05 (1.00)   0.82 (1.18)   1085 (53.7) 437 (49.2)  
Marital Status        
 With Spouse 1.07 (0.99) <0.001 1.00 (1.33) <0.001 1251 (61.9) 484 (54.4) <0.001
 Without Spouse 0.88 (0.91)   0.67 (1.10)   771 (38.1) 405 (45.6)  
Age        
 15–18years 1.50 (1.93) <0.001 0.36 (0.78) <0.001 138 (6.8) 94 (10.6) <0.001
 19–24years 1.90 (3.53)   0.47 (0.80)   162 (8.0) 90 (10.1)  
 25–34years 1.75 (2.72)   0.62 (1.09)   283 (14.0) 146 (16.4)  
 35–44years 2.26 (3.38)   0.72 (1.22)   347 (17.2) 187 (21.0)  
 45–54years 2.62 (3.41)   0.98 (1.27)   476 (23.5) 174 (19.6)  
 55–64years 3.93 (5.09)   0.92 (1.17)   301 (14.9) 112 (12.6)  
65 years 4.78 (4.98)   1.65 (1.61)   315 (15.6) 86 (9.7)  
Education Level        
 Illiterate / Self Study 5.63 (6.31) <0.001 1.29 (1.49) <0.001 145 (7.2) 49 (5.5) 0.015
 Elementary 4.00 (5.04)   1.01 (1.35)   317 (15.7) 111 (12.5)  
 Junior High School 2.60 (3.58)   0.71 (1.20)   287 (14.2) 134 (15.1)  
 Senior High School 2.23 (3.20)   0.73 (1.17)   656 (32.4) 339 (38.1)  
 College/University 2.21 (3.05)   0.92 (1.26)   563 (27.8) 237 (26.7)  
 Graduate& above 1.93 (2.10)   1.16 (1.35)   54 (2.7) 19 (2.1)  
Disease        
 No 0.66 (0.74) <0.001 0.67 (1.13) <0.001 1146 (56.7) 627 (70.5) <0.001
 Yes 1.51 (1.04)   1.17 (1.37)   876 (43.3) 262 (29.5)  
  1. Data from the structured questionnaire of the Department of Budget, Accounting and Statistics of Kaohsiung, Taiwan in 2005 weighted to be national representative