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Table 1 Ex-manufacturer and retail prices with Germany as the base country (2013)

From: A comparison of generic drug prices in seven European countries: a methodological analysis

  Belgium Denmark France Germany Italy Spain Sweden
Ex-manufacturer
 Unweighted-D 78.05 48.02 99.31 100.00 109.84 136.86 65.36
 Unweighted-G 115.45 55.07 63.62 100.00 50.57 63.09 57.28
 Laspeyres-D 136.67 61.11 144.46 100.00 156.66 134.47 85.70
 Laspeyres-G 126.90 68.63 164.92 100.00 154.20 124.26 101.59
 Paasche-D 108.75 34.38 87.07 100.00 105.59 78.32 56.50
 Paasche-G 97.19 39.96 87.55 100.00 63.88 65.26 67.43
 Fisher-D 121.92 45.84 112.15 100.00 128.62 102.62 69.58
 Fisher-G 111.06 52.37 120.16 100.00 99.24 90.05 82.76
Retail
 Unweighted-D 70.97 48.96 98.38 100.00 117.57 129.61 52.91
 Unweighted-G 104.09 58.36 57.03 100.00 56.97 62.75 47.49
 Laspeyres-D 92.23 48.29 97.06 100.00 114.67 86.01 59.12
 Laspeyres-G 87.29 54.93 114.85 100.00 112.28 79.22 69.87
 Paasche-D 70.46 32.50 62.17 100.00 76.27 46.43 44.01
 Paasche-G 63.99 37.28 62.92 100.00 47.73 40.55 52.69
 Fisher-D 80.61 39.61 77.68 100.00 93.52 63.19 51.01
 Fisher-G 74.73 45.25 85.01 100.00 73.20 56.68 60.68
  1. D doses, G grams of active ingredient
  2. Source: IMS Health 2013 (Pricing Insights database)