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Table 1 Characteristics of included studies

From: A systematic review of strategies to increase access to health services among children in low and middle income countries

Variable Number Percent
Location
 Urban or periurban 14 25
 Rural or semi rural 34 59
 Mixed 9 16
Decade of publication
 1990 2 4
 2000 15 26
 2010 40 70
Study design
 RCT 44 77
 Non-RCT 2 4
 Controlled before-after study 8 14
 Historical controlled study 2 4
 Interrupted time series 1 2
Region
 Latin America/Caribbean 4 7
 East Asia/Pacific 3 5
 Sub-Saharan Africa 28 49
 South Asia 21 37
 Middle East/North Africa 1 2
Outcome category
 Immunisation 20 35
 Health care utilisation 27 47
 Compliance 2 4
 Combination 8 14
Intervention category
 Delivery of services closer to or at home 7 12
 Health promotion/education programme 23 40
 Service level improvements 10 18
 Text messages 5 9
 Financial or other incentives 12 21