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Table 6 Association of Hospital of admission (Hospital P: A&E paediatric led; Hospital A: Adult A&E led) with Prolonged length of stay (LOS) for children with only one admission in the year of study (n=1925)

From: Length of paediatric inpatient stay, socio-economic status and hospital configuration: a retrospective cohort study

   Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4
LOS Hospital OR 95% CI p value OR 95% CI p value OR 95% CI p value OR 95% CI p value
≥1.8 days (mean) P 1.00 - - 1.00 - - 1.00 - - 1.00 - -
A 1.15 0.93, 1.41 0.200 1.22 0.98, 1.52 0.071 1.35 1.07, 1.69 0.010 1.44 1.14, 1.82 0.002
≥4 days P 1.00 - - 1.00 - - 1.00 - - 1.00 - -
A 0.93 0.71, 1.21 0.591 0.95 0.72, 1.25 0.711 1.00 0.76, 1.33 0.978 1.06 0.79, 1.41 0.707
>24 hours (median) P 1.00 - - 1.00 - - 1.00 - - 1.00 - -
A 1.15 0.93, 1.41 0.200 1.26 0.99, 1.61 0.059 1.40 1.09, 1.79 0.009 1.75 1.14, 1.82 <0.001
   IRR 95% CI p value IRR 95% CI p value IRR 95% CI p value IRR 95% CI p value
Days P ref - - ref - - ref - - ref - -
A 1.07 0.96, 1.19 0.212 1.10 0.99, 1.23 0.067 1.19 1.07, 1.33 0.001 1.20 1.08, 1.34 0.001
  1. CI confidence interval, A&E Accident and Emergency department, IDACI Income deprivation affecting children index, IRR Incident Rate Ratio, LOS Length of stay, OR Odds ratio, ref reference category
  2. Model 1: Adjusted for admission hospital and quartile of IDACI; as defined in Tables 1 and 2
  3. Model 2: Additionally adjusted for age (groups), gender, ethnicity (group) - as defined in Tables 1 and 2.
  4. Model 3: Additionally adjusted for final diagnosis, medical or surgical specialty and number of hospital admissions during the study period
  5. Model 4: Additionally adjusted for source of admission, weekend or week day admission, and season and time of admission - as defined in Tables 1 and 2)