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Table 1 Characteristics of included studies

From: Where’s the evidence? a systematic review of economic analyses of residential aged care infrastructure

Source, Country Interventions/Comparatora Facility n Participant n Study designa Type of economic evaluation; analytic viewpoint Date/source/currency of economic dataa Dementia specific Settinga
Studies of Organisational Characteristics (n = 10)
Arling 1987 [44] United States Chain-affiliated Independent for-profit Government-owned/not-for-profit 150 N/A Cross-sectional Cost analysis; Institutional 1984–1985 ; Medicaid cost reports; USD No ICF
Bland 1992 [37] United Kingdom Government-owned For profit Not-for-profit Phase 1: 100 Phase 2: 6 Phase 1: 2,405 Phase 2: 156 Cross-sectional Cost analysis; Institutional 1990; Annual reports, accounts, and individual financial returns; GBP No RH
Davis 1993 [41] United States For profit Not-for-profit 178 N/A Cross-sectional Cost analysis; Institutional 1989; Medicaid Certification inspection surveys and cost reports; USD No NH
Farsi 2004 [36] Switzerland Government-owned Not-for-profit 36 N/A Cross-sectional time series Cost analysis; Institutional 1993–2001; Annual accounting reports converted to year 2000 Swiss Francs; CHF No NH
Holmes 1996 [45] United States Chain-affiliated Proprietary non-chain Freestanding not-for-profit Government-owned Hospital-based 393 N/A Cross-sectional Cost analysis; Institutional 1989; Medicaid Certification inspection surveys and cost reports; USD No NH
Smith 1992 [50] United States Rural location Urban location 52 N/A Cross-sectional Cost analysis; Institutional 1987–1988; Medicaid cost reports; research questionnaire to gather performance, strategy, and strategic planning data; USD No NH
Sulvetta 1986 [49] United States Hospital-based Freestanding 3,492 N/A Cross-sectional Cost analysis; Institutional 1980; Medicare cost reports, projected to 1983; USD No SNF
Ullmann 1984 [46] United States For profit Not-for-profit Government-owned 308 N/A Cross-sectional Cost analysis; Institutional 1977; National Nursing Home Survey; USD No SNF
Ullmann 1986 [48] United States Independent Chain-affiliated 265 N/A Cross-sectional Cost analysis; Institutional 1977; National Nursing Home Survey; USD No SNF
Ullmann 1987 [47] United States For profit Not-for-profit Government-owned 494 N/A Cross-sectional Cost analysis; Institutional 1976; Source not stated; USD No SNF
Studies of Environmental Characteristics (n = 4)
Calkins 2007 [38] United States Private room s Enhanced shared rooms Traditional shared rooms N/A 189 (bedrooms) Cross-sectional Cost analysis; Institutional Date not disclosed.; Standard commercial-grade-construction assumptions for the Cleveland, Ohio area; USD No NH
Chenoweth 2014 [40] Australia Person-centred care (PCC) Person-centred environment (PCE) Both PCC + PCE Usual care 38 601 Cluster Randomised Controlled Trial Cost analysis; Institutional 2009–2011; Resource use measured and unit costs assigned using market rates; AUD Yes RACF
Jenkens 2011 [39] United States Green House model Usual care 7 N/A Cross-sectional Cost analysis; Institutional 2008; Commercial construction costs sourced from Reed Construction Data; USD No SNF
Maas 1998 [35]; Swanson 1993 [42]; Swanson 1994 [43] United Statesb Special care unit Traditional unit 1 44 Prospective cohort study Cost analysis; Health care Date not disclosed; Resource use measured and unit costs assigned - source of unit cost data not disclosed; USD Yes NH
  1. Settings: ICF, intermediate care facility; SNF, skilled nursing facility; NH, nursing home; RACF, residential aged care facility; RH, residential home
  2. aHeadings taken from the JBI Data Extraction Form for Economic Evaluations (http://joannabriggs.org/assets/docs/jbc/operations/dataExtractionForms/JBC_Form_DataE_EconEval.pdf)
  3. bAll three publications are from the same study