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Table 1 Characteristics of included studies

From: Where’s the evidence? a systematic review of economic analyses of residential aged care infrastructure

Source, Country Interventions/Comparatora Facility n Participant n Study designa Type of economic evaluation; analytic viewpoint Date/source/currency of economic dataa Dementia specific Settinga
Studies of Organisational Characteristics (n = 10)
Arling 1987 [44]
United States
Chain-affiliated
Independent for-profit
Government-owned/not-for-profit
150 N/A Cross-sectional Cost analysis;
Institutional
1984–1985 ;
Medicaid cost reports;
USD
No ICF
Bland 1992 [37]
United Kingdom
Government-owned
For profit
Not-for-profit
Phase 1: 100 Phase 2: 6 Phase 1: 2,405 Phase 2: 156 Cross-sectional Cost analysis;
Institutional
1990;
Annual reports, accounts, and individual financial returns;
GBP
No RH
Davis 1993 [41]
United States
For profit
Not-for-profit
178 N/A Cross-sectional Cost analysis;
Institutional
1989;
Medicaid Certification inspection surveys and cost reports;
USD
No NH
Farsi 2004 [36]
Switzerland
Government-owned
Not-for-profit
36 N/A Cross-sectional time series Cost analysis;
Institutional
1993–2001;
Annual accounting reports converted to year 2000 Swiss Francs;
CHF
No NH
Holmes 1996 [45]
United States
Chain-affiliated
Proprietary non-chain
Freestanding not-for-profit
Government-owned
Hospital-based
393 N/A Cross-sectional Cost analysis;
Institutional
1989;
Medicaid Certification inspection surveys and cost reports;
USD
No NH
Smith 1992 [50]
United States
Rural location
Urban location
52 N/A Cross-sectional Cost analysis;
Institutional
1987–1988;
Medicaid cost reports; research questionnaire to gather performance, strategy, and strategic planning data;
USD
No NH
Sulvetta 1986 [49]
United States
Hospital-based
Freestanding
3,492 N/A Cross-sectional Cost analysis;
Institutional
1980;
Medicare cost reports, projected to 1983;
USD
No SNF
Ullmann 1984 [46]
United States
For profit
Not-for-profit
Government-owned
308 N/A Cross-sectional Cost analysis;
Institutional
1977;
National Nursing Home Survey;
USD
No SNF
Ullmann 1986 [48]
United States
Independent
Chain-affiliated
265 N/A Cross-sectional Cost analysis;
Institutional
1977;
National Nursing Home Survey;
USD
No SNF
Ullmann 1987 [47]
United States
For profit
Not-for-profit
Government-owned
494 N/A Cross-sectional Cost analysis;
Institutional
1976;
Source not stated;
USD
No SNF
Studies of Environmental Characteristics (n = 4)
Calkins 2007 [38]
United States
Private room s
Enhanced shared rooms
Traditional shared rooms
N/A 189 (bedrooms) Cross-sectional Cost analysis;
Institutional
Date not disclosed.; Standard commercial-grade-construction assumptions for the Cleveland, Ohio area; USD No NH
Chenoweth 2014 [40]
Australia
Person-centred care (PCC)
Person-centred environment (PCE)
Both PCC + PCE
Usual care
38 601 Cluster Randomised Controlled Trial Cost analysis;
Institutional
2009–2011; Resource use measured and unit costs assigned using market rates;
AUD
Yes RACF
Jenkens 2011 [39]
United States
Green House model
Usual care
7 N/A Cross-sectional Cost analysis;
Institutional
2008; Commercial construction costs sourced from Reed Construction Data; USD No SNF
Maas 1998 [35];
Swanson 1993 [42];
Swanson 1994 [43]
United Statesb
Special care unit
Traditional unit
1 44 Prospective cohort study Cost analysis;
Health care
Date not disclosed; Resource use measured and unit costs assigned - source of unit cost data not disclosed; USD Yes NH
  1. Settings: ICF, intermediate care facility; SNF, skilled nursing facility; NH, nursing home; RACF, residential aged care facility; RH, residential home
  2. aHeadings taken from the JBI Data Extraction Form for Economic Evaluations (http://joannabriggs.org/assets/docs/jbc/operations/dataExtractionForms/JBC_Form_DataE_EconEval.pdf)
  3. bAll three publications are from the same study