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Table 4 Outcomes of care in hospitals admitting at least 100 patients in a year by stroke unit status

From: Hospitals admitting at least 100 patients with stroke a year should have a stroke unit: a case study from Australia

Outcomes
Reference: stroke unit hospital versus no stroke unit hospital
SU hospital
n (%)
N = 2,481
Non-SU hospital
n (%)
N = 417
Self-reported SU status
N = 81
Odds ratio (95% CI)a
Meet all SU criteria
N = 59
Odds ratio (95% CI)a
Modified Rankin Score (mRS) on discharge 0–2 (i.e., none to slight disability) [29] 885 (36) 106 (25)* 1.09 (0.65, 1.84) 0.94 (0.59, 1.52)
Stroke progression (including hemorrhagic transformation) 256 (10) 34 (8) 1.28 (0.67, 2.47) 1.14 (0.64, 2.04)
New stroke (recurrent event in hospital) 42 (2) 35 (8)* 0.20 (0.06, 0.61)* 0.25 (0.08, 0.74)*
Discharge destinationb
 Discharged home 985 (45) 155 (45) 0.84 (0.48, 1.50) 0.88 (0.52, 1.50)
 Discharged to inpatient rehabilitation 859 (35)* 98 (24) 1.23 (0.77, 1.96) 1.18 (0.77, 1.80)
 Discharged to an aged care facility 219 (10) 51 (15)* 0.72 (0.36, 1.46) 0.70 (0.37, 1.34)
 Died in hospital 291 (12) 75 (18)* 0.57 (0.33, 1.00)** 0.51 (0.31, 0.83)*
Died or discharged to aged care facility 510 (21) 126 (30)* 0.61 (0.36, 1.02) 0.58 (0.36, 0.92)*
  1. aEach outcome was adjusted for hospital stroke unit status (self-reported or if all the Acute Stroke Services Framework stroke unit criteria were met9), age, sex, stroke severity variables (e.g., unable to walk on admission), independent prior to stroke and type of stroke (ischemic, intracerebral hemorrhage or unknown type)
  2. bExcludes discharge destination noted as a statistical discharge (11% of patients); *p < 0.05; **p < 0.07