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Table 3 Bivariate analysis of plausible explanatory variables of PTB referral by HEW in Ethiopian Somali Region, 2014

From: Low contribution of health extension workers in identification of persons with presumptive pulmonary tuberculosis in Ethiopian Somali Region pastoralists

Variable (n = 380) Referral by HEW p-value COR (95% CI)
No (%) Yes (%)
Sex Female (reference) 113 (79) 30 (21) 0.8 1
Male 190 (80.2) 47 (19.8) 0.9 (0.6–1.6)
Age 16–30 174 (80.9) 41 (19.1) 0.8 0.8 (0.4–1.5)
31–45 66 (78.6) 18 (21.4)   1.0 (0.5–2.0)
46+ (reference) 63 (77.8) 18 (22.2)   1
Educational status No school 220 (79.7) 56 (20.3) 0.8 1.1 (0.6–2.1)
Read & write 22 (75.9) 7 (24.1) 1.4 (0.5–3.9)
Formal education (reference) 61 (81.3) 14 (18.7) 1
Residence Urban (reference) 82 (84.5) 15 (15.5) 0.2 1
Rural 221 (78.1) 62 (21.9) 1.5 (0.8–2.8)
Community HE No (reference) 270 (93.1) 20 (6.9) 0.001 1
Yes 33 (36.7) 57 (63.3) 23.0 (12.5–43.5)
Family Income (ETB) Less 1000 (reference) 155 (80.3) 38 (19.7) 0.77 1
Above 1000 148 (79.1) 39 (20.9) 1.1 (0.7–1.8)
Home Visit from HEW No (reference) 194 (95.6) 9 (4.4) 0.001 1
Yes 109 (61.6) 68 (38.4) 13.4 (6.5–28.0)
Time to travel to HP on foot >30 min (reference) 137 (75.7)) 44 (24.3) 0.06 1
≤30 min 166 (83.4 33 (16.6) 0.6 (0.4–1.0)
Perception of patients towards HEWs’ TB servicesa Not important (reference) 2 2 0.5 1
Important 40 (34.8) 75 (65.2)   1.9 (0.3–13.8)
Trust of TB info. Obtained from HEWsa Didn’t trust (reference) 4 3 0.2 1
Trust 38 (33.9) 74 (66.1)   2.5 (0.6–12.2)
Model HH graduate No (reference) 286 (91.7) 26 (8.3) 0.001 1
Yes 17 (25) 51 (75)   33 (16.7–65.1)
  1. HP Health Post, HE Health Education, HEW Health Extension Worker, COR Crude Odds Ratio, ETB Ethiopian Birr, PTB Pulmonary Tuberculosis. 1ETB = 0.05 USD. 1 in COR column also implies reference group. The symbol aindicates the analysis is among patients who have ever received TB services. No % values for denominators less than 10