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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics of respondents of reproductive age (15-49 years) who gave birth during the last five years within each of the two waves of PDHS during 2006-2012

From: Continuum of care in maternal, newborn and child health in Pakistan: analysis of trends and determinants from 2006 to 2012

Characteristics PDHS (2006/07)   PDHS (2012/13)  
  n=5,724 n=7,461
  n % n %
Regions/Provinces
 Punjab 2,305 40.3 2,008 27.0
 Sindh 1,626 28.4 1,591 21.3
 Baluchistan 1,113 19.4 1,149 15.4
 Khyber Pakhtunkhwa 680 11.9 1,532 20.5
 Gilgit Baltistan - - 709 9.5
 Islamabad - - 472 6.3
Geographical classification
 Urban 1,998 34.9 3,278 43.9
 Rural 3,726 65.1 4,183 56.1
Respondents age
 15-24 years 1,377 24.1 1,710 22.9
 25-34 years 2,925 51.1 3,967 53.2
 35 years and above 1,422 24.8 1,784 23.9
Respondents educational status
 Uneducated 3,811 66.6 4,121 55.2
 Primary 789 13.8 1,065 14.3
 Secondary 763 13.3 1,373 18.4
 Higher 361 6.3 902 12.1
Husbands educational status
 Uneducated 2,088 36.6 2,293 30.8
 Primary 921 16.1 1,014 13.6
 Secondary 1,788 31.4 2,441 32.8
 Higher 906 15.9 1,689 22.7
Respondents employment status
 Unemployed 4,092 71.5 5,936 79.6
 Employed 1,628 28.5 1,524 20.4
Husbands employment status
 Unemployed 191 3.3 197 2.6
 Employed 5,531 96.6 7,262 97.4
Respondents age at first birth
 Less than 20 years 2,549 44.5 2,952 39.6
 20-29 years 2,985 52.1 4,243 56.9
 30 years and above 190 3.3 266 3.6
Parity/Number of children
 1-2 children 2,024 35.4 2,828 37.9
 3-4 children 1,627 28.4 2,249 30.1
 5 children or more 2,073 36.2 2,384 32.0
Wealth quintile
 Richest 1,289 22.5 1,503 20.1
 Richer 1,235 21.6 1,423 19.1
 Middle 1,118 19.5 1,429 19.2
 Poorer 1,064 18.6 1,483 19.9
 Poorest 1,018 17.8 1,623 21.8
Exposure to mass mediaa
 Yes - - 5,204 70.0
 No - - 2,226 30.0
Respondents autonomy in healthcare decision-making
 Yes - - 3,221 43.7
 No - - 4,146 56.3
Distance to health facility for medical care
 Big Problem - - 3,237 43.5
 Not a big problem - - 4,209 56.5
Transport arrangement for medical care
 Big Problem - - 3,555 47.7
 Not a big problem - - 3,891 52.3
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