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Table 4 Effect of Research Utilization on Pain Intensity Stratified by Context; and Testing for Moderator Effects

From: The role of organizational context in moderating the effect of research use on pain outcomes in hospitalized children: a cross sectional study

Context Variables Instrumental Research Utilization (IV) Conceptual Research Utilization (IV)
At or below the Median of the corresponding Context variable Above the Median of the corresponding Context variable Moderation Test (i.e. effect of IRU on Pain Intensitya (DV) between low and high Contexts) At or below the Median of the corresponding Context variable Above the Median of the corresponding Context variable Moderation Test (i.e. effect of CRU on Pain Intensitya between low and high Contexts)
β (95% CI) β (95% CI) χ 2 p-value β (95% CI) β (95% CI) χ 2 p-value
Leadership −0.70 (-1.87 to 0.46) 1.18 (0.22 to 2.14) 7.03 0.008 −0.26 (-1.34 to 0.83) 0.62 (-0.42 to 1.66) 1.02 0.313
Culture −0.68 (-1.85 to 0.49) 1.28 (0.28 to 2.29) 5.81 0.016 0.23 (-1.30 to 1.76) 0.64 (-0.31 to 1.59) 0.32 0.569
Evaluation −1.02 (-2.17 to 0.14) 1.44 (0.29 to 2.59) 6.30 0.012 −0.55 (-1.64 to 0.54) 0.37 (-1.19 to 1.93) 0.81 0.368
Social Capital −0.45 (-1.45 to 0.55) 1.39 (0.26 to 2.53) 5.27 0.022 −0.39 (-1.36 to 0.58) 1.07 (-0.14 to 2.28) 3.54 0.060
Informal interactions −1.01 (-2.26 to 0.24) 1.47 (0.32 to 2.62) 7.11 0.008 −0.42 (-1.56 to 0.73) 1.18 (-0.94 to 3.31) 4.63 0.032
Formal interactions −1.12 (-2.26 to 0.03) 1.58 (0.53 to 2.62) 9.10 0.003 −0.51 (-1.67 to 0.65) 0.83 (-0.48 to 2.15) 2.14 0.143
Resources −1.04 (-2.28 to 0.19) 1.41 (0.39 to 2.43) 9.62 0.002 −0.44 (-1.44 to 0.56) 1.45 (-0.26 to 3.17) 3.54 0.060
Slack Space −0.48 (-1.51 to 0.56) 1.09 (0.02 to 2.16) 3.76 0.053 −0.52 (-1.42 to 0.38) 1.61 (0.01 to 3.22) 5.22 0.022
Slack Staff −0.30 (-1.28 to 0.68) 2.07 (0.70 to 3.43) 6.91 0.009 0.26 (-0.66 to 1.17) 0.25 (-2.86 to 3.35) 0.01 0.963
Slack time −1.32 (-2.57 to -0.07) 1.79 (0.86 to 2.72) 15.01 <0.001 −0.18 (-1.36 to 1.01) 0.84 (-0.34 to 2.03) 1.53 0.216
  1. Note: IV Independent Variable, DV Dependent Variable = Pain Intensity, χ 2 Chi Square, OR Odds Ratio, CI Confidence interval, χ 2 chi-square, β beta-non-standardized slopes/coefficients
  2. a N = 640 children between low and high context units