Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 3 Effect of Research Utilization on Pain Management Stratified by Context; and Testing for Moderator Effects

From: The role of organizational context in moderating the effect of research use on pain outcomes in hospitalized children: a cross sectional study

Context Variables Instrumental Research Utilization (IV) Conceptual Research Utilization (IV)
At or below the Median of the corresponding Context variable Above the Median of the corresponding Context variable Moderation Test (i.e. effect of IRU on Pain Managementa between low and high Contexts) At or below the Median of the corresponding Context variable Above the Median of the corresponding Context variable Moderation Test (i.e. effect of CRU on Pain Management a between low and high Contexts)
OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) χ 2 p-value OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) χ 2 p-value
Leadership 0.93 (0.33 to 2.59) 0.39 (0.18 to 0.85) 1.43 0.231 0.21 (0.08 to 0.59) 0.30 (0.12 to 0.73) 0.09 0.762
Culture 0.64 (0.23 to 1.77) 0.63 (0.29 to 1.37) 0.01 0.972 0.08 (0.02 to 0.46) 0.39 (0.19 to 0.80) 3.07 0.080
Evaluation 0.72 (0.30 to 1.71) 0.41 (0.14 to 1.18) 0.36 0.549 0.32 (0.14 to 0.76) 0.03 (0.004 to 0.17) 5.81 0.016
Social Capital 0.44 (0.19 to 1.00) 0.68 (0.27 to 1.71) 0.69 0.407 0.27 (0.11 to 0.67) 0.27 (0.10 to 0.75) 0.01 0.929
Informal interactions 1.28 (0.44 to 3.74) 1.11 (0.42 to 2.94) 0.001 0.990 0.45 (0.18 to 1.15) 0.27 (0.04 to 1.89) 1.25 0.264
Formal interactions 0.69 (0.29 to 1.65) 0.49 (0.20 to 1.22) 0.17 0.680 0.32 (0.13 to 0.80) 0.07 (0.01 to 0.29) 4.61 0.032
Resources 0.65 (0.22 to 1.89) 0.79 (0.34 to 1.82) 0.08 0.784 0.30 (0.12 to 0.74) 0.44 (0.10 to 1.98) 0.04 0.841
Slack Space 0.60 (0.25 to 1.42) 0.54 (0.24 to 1.24) 0.040 0.842 0.32 (0.15 to 0.70) 0.09 (0.02 to 0.39) 3.82 0.051
Slack Staff 0.48 (0.23 to 1.01) 1.25 (0.37 to 4.16) 0.86 0.354 0.27 (0.13 to 0.56) 0.07 (0.004 to 1.10) 0.35 0.554
Slack time 0.65 (0.26 to 1.62) 0.64 (0.28 to 1.44) 0.02 0.885 0.22 (0.09 to 0.57) 0.25 (0.07 to 0.83) 0.01 0.904
  1. Note: IV Independent Variable DV Dependent Variable = Pain Management, χ 2 Chi Square, OR Odds Ratio CI Confidence interval
  2. a N = 964 children between high and low context units