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Table 2 Effect of Research Utilization on Pain Assessment Stratified by Context; and Testing for Moderator Effects

From: The role of organizational context in moderating the effect of research use on pain outcomes in hospitalized children: a cross sectional study

Context Instrumental Research Utilization (IV) Conceptual Research Utilization (IV)
At or below the Median of the corresponding Context variable Above the Median of the corresponding Context variable Moderation Test (i.e. effect of IRU on Valid Pain Assessmenta between low and high Contexts) At or below the Median of the corresponding Context variable Above the Median of the corresponding Context variable Moderation Test (i.e. effect of CRU on Valid Pain Assessment a between low and high Contexts)
OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) χ 2 p-value OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) χ 2 p-value
Leadership 0.71 (0.33 to 1.53) 1.92 (1.08 to 3.40) 3.80 0.052 0.86 (0.42 to 1.78) 1.51 (0.81 to 2.79) 1.25 0.263
Culture 0.72 (0.33 to 1.58) 2.80 (1.52 to 5.13) 4.80 0.029 0.62 (0.22 to 1.75) 2.26 (1.27 to 4.04) 1.71 0.002
Evaluation 0.87 (0.43 to 1.75) 1.38 (0.66 to 2.89) 1.56 0.212 0.82 (0.43 to 1.58) 0.95 (0.36 to 2.52) 1.31 0.252
Social Capital 0.89 (0.48 to 1.67) 4.82 (2.32 to 10.01) 6.13 0.013 0.74 (0.40 to 1.36) 7.74 (3.02 to 19.81) 16.29 <0.001
Informal interactions 0.30 (0.14 to 0.64) 6.95 (3.12 to 15.47) 32.66 <0.001 0.52 (0.27 to 1.02) 6.42 (1.52 to 27.11) 2.58 0.108
Formal interactions 0.99 (0.48 to 2.04) 1.51 (0.78 to 2.93) 1.51 0.219 0.75 (0.36 to 1.56) 0.84 (0.37 to 1.91) 0.64 0.422
Resources 0.17 (0.08 to 0.36) 6.85 (3.40 to 13.82) 50.66 <0.001 0.40 (0.22 to 0.72) 35.10 (10.56 to 116.69) 4.25 <0.001
Slack Space 1.19 (0.61 to 2.33) 3.39 (1.75 to 6.57) 5.64 0.018 1.72 (0.96 to 3.08) 7.49 (2.68 to 20.97) 3.65 0.056
Slack Staff 1.95 (1.07 to 3.54) 1.02 (0.43 to 2.43) 1.74 0.187 1.20 (0.69 to 2.07) 12.28 (1.65 to 91.41) 2.57 0.109
Slack time 0.64 (0.30 to 1.37) 2.45 (1.30 to 4.59) 11.86 0.001 0.37 (0.18 to 0.74) 2.88 (1.30 to 6.37) 11.64 0.001
  1. Note: IV Independent Variable, DV Dependent Variable = Pain Assessment, χ 2 Chi Square, OR Odds Ratio, CI Confidence interval
  2. a N = 964 children between low and high context units = 964 children between low and high context units