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Table 1 Background characteristics of poor women who had a live birth 5 years preceding the IDHS 2012, before and after propensity score matching (PSM)

From: Health facility and skilled birth deliveries among poor women with Jamkesmas health insurance in Indonesia: a mixed-methods study

  Before PSM After PSM
  None
(N = 12,054)
Jamkesmas
(N = 5265)
None
(N = 5236)
Jamkesmas
(N = 5236)
Age Group     
 15–19 17.0% 16.1% 14.6% 16.1%
 20–34 47.9% 41.8% 44.8% 41.8%
 35–49 35.2% 42.2% 40.6% 42.1%
Marital Status     
 Never Married 20.5% 19.9% 18.7% 19.9%
 Married 73.4% 72.0% 74.8% 72.0%
 Other 6.2% 8.2% 6.6% 8.1%
Education Level     
 None 7.0% 5.8% 6.4% 5.7%
 Completed or some primary 41.3% 46.2% 45.9% 46.2%
 Completed or some secondary 46.1% 44.5% 43.6% 44.6%
 Higher 5.5% 3.5% 4.1% 3.5%
Wealth Quintile     
 Lowest 54.2% 59.2% 59.8% 59.1%
 Second 45.9% 40.8% 40.2% 40.9%
Employment Status in Last 12 Months     
 Currently employed 39.2% 37.5% 37.3% 37.6%
 Not currently employed, but worked in last 12 months 17.9% 15.2% 16.6% 15.3%
 Did not work in last 12 months 42.9% 47.2% 46.1% 47.1%
Sex of HH head     
 Male 89.0% 87.7% 89.4% 87.7%
 Female 11.0% 12.4% 10.6% 12.3%
Household Number     
 1–4 members 47.1% 40.2% 40.5% 40.3%
 5 or more members 52.9% 59.8% 59.5% 59.7%
Exposure to Newpaper     
 None 61.8% 62.4% 63.1% 62.4%
 Less than once a week 30.9% 31.0% 30.8% 31.1%
 At least once a week 7.4% 6.6% 6.1% 6.6%
Exposure to Radio     
 None 55.3% 51.9% 52.6% 52.0%
 Less than once a week 30.2% 31.8% 31.9% 31.8%
 At least once a week 14.5% 16.3% 15.5% 16.2%
Exposure to Television     
 None 9.9% 9.5% 8.4% 9.5%
 Less than once a week 14.8% 17.6% 17.0% 17.6%
 At least once a week 75.3% 72.9% 74.6% 72.9%
Residence     
 Urban 25.2% 25.1% 23.9% 25.0%
 Rural 74.8% 74.9% 76.1% 75.0%
Provincial Jamkesmas Coverage     
 Low 54.2% 31.8% 31.7% 31.8%
 High 45.8% 68.2% 68.3% 68.2%