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Table 3 Descriptive statistics of the research variables, reliability and validity of constructs, and the goodness-of-fit of the structural model, correlation matrix and Pearson index

From: Are performance measurement systems useful? Perceptions from health care

Variable Number Factor Loading (p-value) Min Max Mean Standard Deviation AVE (Average Variance Extracted) Composite Reliability Chronbach's Alpha CVR (Cross-Validated Redundancy) Effect size (f2) Perceived Managerial Discretion Pearson
(Sig two-tailed)
Improved Processes Pearson
(Sig two-tailed)
Strategic Use of Non-Financial Performance Measurement Systems Pearson(Sig two-tailed) Tenure Pearson (Sig two-tailed) Gender Pearson (Sig two-tailed) Environmental Uncertainty Pearson (Sig two-tailed)
Perceived Managerial Discretion 97   1 7 4.763 1.429 0.914 0.955 0.906 0.301 0.017 1      
Decision Making   0.955 (a) 1 7 4.990 1.510            
Flexibility   0.957 (a) 1 7 4.540 1.479            
Improved Processes 97   0 7 3.760 2.168     0.050   0.254;
(0.012b)
1     
Strategic Use of Non-Financial Performance Measurement Systems 97   1 7 4.280 1.405     0 0.381 0.581; (0.000c) 0.121;
(0.250)
1    
Tenure 92   0 55 17.804 14.430 0.781 0.876 0.727 0 0.022 0.238;
(0.022b)
0.121;
(0.250)
0.222;
(0.033b)
1   
Time   0.925 (a) 0 37 13.043 11.222            
Time Actual   0.840 (a) 0 20 4.7310 4.658            
Gender 94   0 1 0.210 0.411     0 0.003 0.138;
(0.186)
0.032;
(0.757)
0.145;
(0.164)
0.223; (0.034b) 1  
Environmental Uncertainty 97   2 7 4.643 0.952 0.612 0.823 0.702 0 0.021 0.176;
(0.085)
0.082;
(0.422)
0.143;
(0.163)
−0.198;
(0.059)
−0.131; (0.209) 1
Complexity   0.823 (a) 3 7 5.200 1.196            
Risk   0.868 (a) 1 7 4.480 1.217            
Uncertainty   0.638 (a) 1 7 4.250 1.191            
  1. aStatistically significant at the p < 0.001 level. bCorrelation is significant at 0.05 (2-tails). cCorrelation is significant at 0.01 (2-tails)