Skip to main content

Table 2 Availability of essential medicines (by major category) Anuradhapura, 2016

From: Availability of essential medicines in selected public, primary and secondary health care institutions of a rural Sri Lankan district: a spot survey

No Major categories of essential medicines Need to be present at PCI Present at each PCI (%) Average for PCI (%) Need to be present at SCI Present at SCI (%)
DH PU RH CD-1 CD-2
1 Anaesthetics 4 3 (75) 3 (75) 2 (50) 1 (25) 2 (50) 2.2 (55) 17 17 (100)
2 Analgesics, antipyretics, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medicines, medicines used to treat gout and disease modifying agents in rheumatoid disorders 6 6 (100) 5 (83) 4 (67) 3 (50) 4 (67) 4.4 (73) 12 8 (67)
3 Anti-allergics and medicines used in anaphylaxis 8 8 (100) 7 (88) 7 (88) 7 (88) 6 (75) 7 (88) 8 8 (100)
4 Antidotes and other substance used in poisonings 6 3 (50) 3 (50) 2 (33) 1 (17) 0 1.8 (30) 9 8 (89)
5 Anticonvulsants/anti-epileptics 11 9 (82) 5 (46) 6 (55) 0 0 4 (36) 12 6 (50)
6 Anti-infective medicines 24 20 (83) 19 (79) 16 (67) 11 (46) 17 (71) 16.6 (69) 47 32 (68)
7 Anti-migraine medicines 7 6 (86) 5 (71) 4 (57) 5 (71) 3 (43) 4.6 (66) 7 6 (86)
8 Anti-neoplastic, immunosuppressive and medicines used in palliative care N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 5 3 (60)
9 Anti-parkinsonism medicines N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 4 1 (25)
10 Medicines affecting the blood 6 2 (33) 2 (33) 2 (33) 1 (17) 2 (33) 1.8 (30) 8 4 (50)
11 Blood products and plasma substitutes N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 1 1 (100)
12 Cardiovascular medicines 26 24 (92) 21 (81) 21 (81) 9 (35) 16 (62) 18.2 (70) 27 24 (89)
13 Dermatological medicines (topical) 18 14 (78) 8 (44) 6 (33) 4 (22) 5 (28) 7.4 (41) 24 8 (33)
14 Diagnostic agents 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 (0) 1 0 (0)
15 Disinfectants and antiseptics 6 5 (83) 3 (50) 4 (67) 2 (33) 3 (50) 3.4 (57) 6 6 (100)
16 Diuretics 4 4 (100) 4 (100) 4 (100) 1 (25) 3 (75) 3.2 (80) 5 5 (100)
17 Gastrointestinal medicines 10 8 (80) 8 (80) 9 (90) 5 (50) 5 (50) 7 (70) 15 12 (80)
18 Hormones, other endocrine medicines and contraceptives 9 8 (89) 7 (78) 7 (78) 4 (44) 6 (67) 6.4 (71) 11 8 (73)
19 Immunologicals 1 1 (100) 0 0 0 0 0.2 (20) 3 3 (100)
20 Muscle relaxant (Peripherally acting) and cholinesterase inhibitors N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 2 2 (100)
21 Ophthalmological preparations 3 1 (33) 0 1 (33) 1 (33) 1 (33) 0.8 (27) 3 0 (0)
22 Medicines acting on the genitourinary tract 5 5 (100) 4 (80) 4 (80) 1 (20) 1 (20) 3 (60) 5 5 (100)
23 Psychotherapeutic medicines 7 7 (100) 6 (86) 4 (57) 1 (14) 2 (29) 4 (57) 13 10 (77)
24 Medicines acting on the respiratory tract 10 10 (100) 8 (80) 6 (60) 2 (20) 9 (90) 7 (70) 10 9 (90)
25 Solutions correcting water, electrolytes and acid–base disturbances and parenteral nutrition 7 6 (86) 7 (100) 6 (86) 3 (43) 4 (57) 5.2 (74) 10 10 (100)
26 Vitamins and minerals 2 2 (100) 1 (50) 1 (50) 1 (50) 1 (50) 1.2 (60) 4 2 (50)
27 Medicines acting on the ear, nose and oropharynx 9 5 (56) 2 (22) 2 (22) 3 (33) 3 (33) 3 (33) 9 4 (44)
28 Specific medicines for neonatal care 1 1 (100) 0 0 0 0 0.2 (20) 2 2 (100)
  Total (%) 165 134 (81) 105 (64) 96 (58) 52 (32) 78 (47) 112.6 (56) 251 179 (71)
  1. Duplication of medicines, in multiple categories of the national list of essential medicines, Sri Lanka (2013–2014), was left out of the calculation of availability (%). N/A - These categories of the national list of essential medicines, Sri Lanka (2013–2014), are not applicable for primary care institutions. PCI Primary care institution, SCI Secondary care institution, BH Base Hospital, DH District Hospital, PU Peripheral Unit, RH Rural Hospital, CD Central Dispensary