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Table 2 Scores for intervention group across study measures

From: A pilot study of a Community Health Agent-led type 2 diabetes self-management program using Motivational Interviewing-based approaches in a public primary care center in São Paulo, Brazil

Primary Outcome N Mean baseline scorea Mean 6-month score p - value
 Overall PACIC Score, mean (SD) 43 33 (19) 68 (21) p < .001
 Goal-setting PACIC subscale, mean (SD) 52 29 (25) 71 (24) p < .001
 Problem-solving PACIC subscale, mean (SD) 52 13 (25) 63 (30) p < .001
 Follow up PACIC subscale, mean (SD) 43 29 (19) 56 (28) p < .001
Exploratory Outcomes
 Number of Fruit/Vegetable Portions a Day (SD) 52 47 (22) 59 (20) p < .001
 Number of Days Had Five or More Fruit/vegetable (SD) 52 24 (42) 51 (40) p < .001
 Number of Days Ate High fat foods (SD) 52 32 (37) 37 (33) p = .402
 Number of Days Ate Sweets (SD) 52 80 (20) 77 (24) p = .436
 Number of Days 30 min of Exercise (SD) 52 21 (35) 39 (31) p = .002
 Diabetes Medication Adherence (SD) 52 2.98 (1.06) 2.40 (1.01) p = .002
  1. aAll scores were on a 0–100 scale with higher values meaning more positive outcomes, except for the Morisky scale used to measure diabetes medication adherence that was scored on a 0–4 scale with higher values indicating worse reported adherence
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