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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of patients utilizing Zaitaku and hospital care

From: Cost of physician-led home visit care (Zaitaku care) compared with hospital care at the end of life in Japan

Characteristics Zaitaku care
(n = 33)
Hospital care
(n = 72)
p-value
Age (mean ± SD) 80.7 ± 12.5 80.2 ± 9.5 0.571**
Gender 1.000*
 Female (%, n) 39.4% (n = 13) 40.3% (n = 29)  
 Male (%, n) 60.6% (n = 20) 59.7% (n = 43)  
Primary diagnosis (%, n)
 Cancer 66.7% (n = 22) 45.8% (n = 33) 0.060*
 Dementia 39.4% (n = 13) 40.3% (n = 29) 1.000*
Oxygen (%, n) 36.4% (n = 12) 72.2% (n = 52) 0.001*
Infusion fluid (%, n) 84.8% (n = 28) 94.4% (n = 68) 0.136*
Opioids (%, n) 42.4% (n = 14) 40.3% (n = 29) 0.834*
Antibiotics (%, n) 27.3% (n = 9) 40.3% (n = 29) 0.274*
  1. *p-values were calculated using analysis of the Fisher’s exact test
  2. **p-value was calculated using analysis of the Wilcoxon rank sum test
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