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Table 2 Interventions following a high violence risk assessment score (the Dynamic Appraisal of Situational Aggression [DASA] total score ≥4)

From: Interventions following a high violence risk assessment score: a naturalistic study on a Finnish psychiatric admission ward

Observations with a high violence risk assessment score n = 217  
  n %  
No following interventions 19 8.8  
One or more interventions 198 91.2  
A total number of observed interventions n = 400  
Distribution of various interventions nI % nP
Interventions legitimized by the Finnish Mental Health Act
 Seclusion 63 15.8 29
 Intramuscular medication administered without consent 15 3.8 11
 Limitation of the freedom of movement 13 3.3 12
 Mechanical restraint 9 2.3 5
 Physical restraint 3 0.8 3
 Limitation of contacts 3 0.8 3
PRN-medication per os 134 33.5 49
Focused discussion performed by a nurse 43 10.8 32
Other interventions
 Verbal enforcing of boundaries 25 6.3 17
 Change of medication 23 5.8 20
 Discharge or transfer to another ward 14 3.5 14
 A visit by a relative 11 2.8 10
 Daily activities/sports/a walk outdoors 11 2.8 11
 Leading the patient to her/his own room 10 2.5 6
 The patient is held by the arm and purposefully guided away from one location to another 5 1.3 5
 The patient stays voluntarily in the seclusion room with the door unlocked 4 1.0 4
 Discussion with a doctor 3 0.8 3
 Changing the patient room 3 0.8 3
 Intramuscular medication with consent 2 0.5 1
 A visit to home 2 0.5 2
 Giving a structural self-assessment instrument (e.g., the Beck Depression Inventory) to be filled in by the patient 2 0.5 2
 Medication given earlier than prescribed 1 0.3 2
 Discussion with a social worker 1 0.3 1
  1. PRN-medication pro re nata, medication given as needed, N I number of interventions, n p the number of individuals, who were targeted with this intervention
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