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Table 2 Client characteristics (November 2010 to March 2012, N = 154 clients)a

From: Implementation of a recovery-oriented model in a sub-acute Intermediate Stay Mental Health Unit (ISMHU)

Socio-demographic and clinical characteristics N %
Age (Mean = 37.25 years, SD = 10.20):
 Under 25 17 11.0
 25-39 73 47.4
 40-54 57 37.0
 55+ 7 4.5
Gender
 Male 111 72.1
 Female 43 27.9
Referral source
 Acute inpatient facility 116 75.3
 Community 38 24.7
Legal status
 Voluntary 87 56.5
 Involuntaryc 67 43.5
Symptom severity on admission
 HoNOS (N = 114, Mean = 9.19, SD = 6.46):
  Mild (0–9) 65 57.0
  Moderate (10–12) 19 16.7
  Severe (>13) 30 26.3
Current distress on admission
 K10 (N = 79, Mean = 22.63, SD = 10.01)
  Low (10–15) 22 27.8
  Moderate (16–21) 23 29.1
  High (22–29) 13 16.5
  Very high (30–50) 21 26.6
Any ICD-10 discharge diagnosis of:b
 Schizophrenia or related 114 74.0
 Anxiety or related 68 44.2
 Substance misuse 64 41.6
 Depression 38 24.7
 Bipolar disorder 22 14.3
 Personality disorder 12 7.8
 Other mental health problems 15 9.7
 Psychosocial problems 146 94.8
 Physical health problems 135 87.7
Length of stay (Mean = 47.86 days, SD = 24.16)
 Early exit (0 to 7 days) 8 5.2
 Shorter than planned (8 to 40 days) 33 21.4
 As planned (41–60 days) 77 50.0
 Longer than planned (Over 60 days) 36 23.4
Discharge destination
 Community 138 89.6
 Acute Inpatient facilityc 16 10.4
Readmission within 6 months to
 Acute inpatient unit 25 16.2
 Sub-acute inpatient unit 5 3.2
  1. Note: HoNOS Health of the Nation Outcome Scales (12 items), K10, Kessler psychological distress scale
  2. a154 clients with 165 admissions (9 clients had multiple admissions)
  3. bAt any stage during this admission sequence, including previous unit (if transferred)
  4. c15 of these 16 clients were initially referred to ISMHU from an acute inpatient facility
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