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Table 4 Medicines appearing on the WHO Model EMLs but not on the SA STG/EMLs

From: Quantitative evaluation of essential medicines lists: the South African case study

Section Name of medicine (core list) Name of medicine (complementary list)
2. Medicine for pain and palliative care Docusate sodium  
4. Antidotes and other substances used in poisoning Potassium ferric hexacyano-ferrate(II)-2H2O
Sodium nitrite
Sodium thiosulfate
Sodium calcium edetate
5. Anticonvulsants/antiepileptics   Ethosuximide
6. Anti-infective medicines Levamisole (not registered in SA),
Diethylcarbamazine (not readily available in SA, can be obtained from pharma company),
Ivermectin (not registered in SA, can be obtained after MCC approval)
Triclabendazole (not available for human use in SA)
Trimethoprim (available in combination with Sulfamethoxazole),
Spectinomycin (not available in SA),
Clofazimine (available on named patient basis)
Ethambutol + Isoniazid
Ethambutol + Isoniazid + Rifampicin
Flucytosine (available on named patient basis after MCC approval)
Potassium iodide
Lamivudine + nevirapine + stavudine (FDC)
Lamivudine + nevirapine + zidovudine (FDC)
Lamivudine + zidovudine (FDC)
Emtricitabine + Tenofovir (FDC)
Efavirenz + Emtricitabine + Tenofovir (FDC)
Diloxinide (not available in SA)
Paromomycin (not available in SA)
Sodium stibogluconate,
Amodiaquine (not available in SA)
Artemether (available in combination with lumefantrine)
Artesunate (not registered in SA, can be obtained through the IV artesunate access programme on a named patient basis after MCC approval)
Artesunate + amodiaquine (not available in SA)
Artesunate + mefloquine (not available in SA),
Mefloquine (not registered for treatment in SA)
Proguanil (not registered for treatment only prophylaxis and in combination with Atovaquone)
Sulfadoxine + Pyrimethamine (no longer recommended due to increased resistance)
Sulfadiazine (available as silver sulfadiazine)
Pentamidine (not available in SA, available on named patient basis)
Suramin sodium (not readily available in SA, can be obtained on named patient basis)
Eflornithine (not readily available in SA, can be obtained on named patient basis)
Melarsoprol (not readily available in SA, can be obtained on named patient basis)
Nifurtimox (not available in SA)
Oxaminiquine (not available in SA)
Cycloserine (alternative terizidone is listed)
p-aminosalicylic acid (PAS),
potassium iodide
Pegylated interferon alpha (2a or 2b)
8. Antineoplastic and immunosuppresives   Cytotoxics: Ciclosporin, asparaginase, calcium folinate, carboplatin, chlorambucil, mercaptopurine, cytarabine, dactinomycin, daunorubicin, dacarbazine, doxorubicin, docetaxel, mercaptopurine, mesna, thioguanine, etoposide, fluorouracil, ifosfamide, paclitaxel, procarbazine, vinblastine,
10. Medicines affecting the blood protamine sulfate  
12. Cardiovascular medicines   Sodium nitroprusside
13. Dermatological medicines (topical) Sodium thiosulfate
Potassium permanganate
14. Diagnostic agents Amidotrizoate Meglumine iotroxate
15. Disinfectants and antiseptics Glutaral  
16. Diuretics Amiloride  
18. Hormones, other endocrine medicines and contraceptives Estradiol cypionate + medroxyprogesterone acetate
Levonorgestrel releasing implant
Potassium iodide,
Propylthiouracil (not available in SA)
19. Immunologicals Tuberculin (PPD)
Diphtheria antitoxin
Cholera vaccine
Hepatitis A vaccine
Japanese encephalitis vaccine
Meningococcal meningitis vaccine
Mumps vaccine
Rotavirus vaccine
Rubella vaccine
Typhoid vaccine
Yellow fever vaccine
21. Ophthalmological preparations Azithromycin
23. Peritoneal dialysis solution Intraperitoneal dialysis solution  
24. Medicines for mental and behavioural disorders Clomipramine
Nicotine replacement therapy
27. Vitamins and minerals Ascorbic acid (only available in a multivitamin preparation)
Riboflavin (only available in a multivitamin preparation)
Sodium fluoride
  1. Note: The tertiary/quaternary EML was not considered in this analysis