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Table 3 WHO/INRUD patient-care and facility-specific indicators in selected primary healthcare centers of the Bahawalpur district, Punjab, Pakistan

From: Assessment of core drug use indicators using WHO/INRUD methodology at primary healthcare centers in Bahawalpur, Pakistan

Primary Healthcare Centers Patient-Care Indicators Facility-Specific Indicators
Average consultation time (minutes) Average dispensing time (seconds) Percent medicines actually dispensed Percent medicines adequately labeled Percent patients with knowledge of correct doses Availability of essential medicines list to practitioners Percent key medicines available
1 2.3 (1.5) 43.1 (34.7) 87.3 100.0 67.0 100.0 90.0
2 2.5 (1.2) 43.0 (17.1) 91.1 100.0 77.0 100.0 70.0
3 2.4 (1.0) 36.7 (10.8) 91.2 100.0 77.0 100.0 80.0
4 0.7 (0.4) 15.5 (7.7) 100.0 100.0 30.0 100.0 90.0
5 2.1 (0.8) 42.6 (16) 85.8 100.0 67.0 100.0 80.0
6 1.3 (0.6) 31.3 (14) 68.3 100.0 33.0 100.0 80.0
7 2.9 (1.4) 30.9 (10.5) 100.0 100.0 53.0 100.0 70.0
8 2.1 (1.2) 36.9 (25.8) 91.5 100.0 64.0 100.0 90.0
9 3.6 (1.1) 63.3 (50.7) 100.0 100.0 90.0 100.0 90.0
10 2.1 (1.0) 37.1 (20.6) 93.6 100.0 63.0 100.0 80.0
Mean (SD) 2.2 (0.8) 38.0 (12.1) 90.9 (9.5) 100.0 62.1 (19) 100.0 82.0 (7.9)
ANOVA p < .0005 p < .0005 p < .0005 ------a p < .0005 ------a p < .0005
  1. aANOVA was not applied for these indicators as there was no variation in their values