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Table 4 Main reasons for people not seeking dental services in the previous 12 months and socioeconomic characteristics of education and income. São Paulo, 2003 and 2008

From: Socioeconomic inequalities in dental health services in Sao Paulo, Brazil, 2003–2008

Reason 2003 2008
  0–7 years of study
% (n)
7 years or more
% (n)
Difference between educational groups for each reason:
p-value
0–7 years of study
% (n)
7 years or more
% (n)
Difference between educational groups for each reason:
p-value
Financial difficulty 42.6 (190) 25.0 (64) <0.001 33.3 (165) 29.3 (104) 0.005
‘I have no teeth’ 17.0 (216) 10.9 (71) <0.001 19.4 (216) 9.4 (76) <0.001
‘I did not think necessary’ 24.8 (193) 45.7 (130) <0.001 33.5 (210) 40.8 (154) 0.066
‘I did not have time’ 7.4 (26) 6.6 (16) 0.125 6.5 (26) 13.0 (38) 0.450
‘The dental care service was full’ 2.6 (11) 1.0 (2) 0.231 1.8 (8) 2.2 (9) 0.689
‘The dental care service is too far from my home’ 0.05 (2) 0 n. ab 0.6 (4) 0.1 (1) n. ab
‘I did not know the service was available’ 0.03 (1) 0 n. ab 0.3 (2) 0.2 (1) n. ab
  <2.5 mw % (n) 2.5 mw % (n) Difference between income groups for each reason:
p-value
<2.5 mw % (n) ≥2.5 mw % (n) Difference between income groups for each reason:
p-value
Financial difficulty 44.3 (142) 23.2 (68) <0.001 38.0 (168) 20.0 (53) <0.001
‘I have no teeth’ 15.8 (144) 10.1 (84) <0.001 15.0 (157) 10.9 (78) 0.0005
‘I did not think necessary’ 25.6 (134) 46.3 (158) <0.001 31.9 (185) 47.4 (134) 0.0007
‘I did not have time’ 5.3 (15) 9.1 (22) 0.552 8.5 (31) 14.5 (30) 0.713
‘The dental care service was full’ 2.6 (9) 0.8 (2) 0.150 2.0 (9) 2.3 (6) 0.751
‘The dental care service is too far from my home’ 0.2 (1) 0 n. ab 0.4 (4) 0 n. ab
‘I did not know the service was available’ 0.03 (1) 0 n. ab 0.5 (3) 0 n. ab
  1. aDifferences in reason for not seeking dental services between 2003 and 2008
  2. bNumbers too small to analyze